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Museum of the Asian-African Conference

   The museum was named MUSEUM OF THE ASIAN-AFRICAN CONFERENCE, in order to memorize the venue of the Asian-African Conference that became the source of inspiration and motivation for the Asian African nations. In accordance with its historical value, Museum of the Asian-African Conference is located in Gedung Merdeka at Jalan Asia Afrika Number 65, Bandung.

 Museum of the Asian-African Conference has a permanent exhibition room, which exhibits collections of three dimension objects and documentary photos of Tugu Meeting, Colombo Conference, and Asian-African Conference 1955. The exhibition room also provides the historical events that become the historical background of the Asian-African Conference, namely the effect of the Asian African Conference to the world, Gedung Merdeka from time to time, and profile of the participant countries of the Asian African Conference that are performed in the multimedia

   In order to welcome the Delegates of the Tenth Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement in 1992 in which Indonesia had been chosen as the host of the conference and became the Leader of the Non-Aligned Movement, the diorama describing the Opening Session of the Asian-African Conference was made. 

   To support the activities of the Museum of the Asian-African Conference in 1985, Abdullah Kamil (the Ambassador of Indonesia in London) gave the idea of providing a library. The library provides many books on history, social, politic, and culture of the Asian African Countries and others; documents of the Asian-African Conference and its preliminary conferences; magazines and newspapers donated from other institutions or gained by purchase.  

   Along with the establishing of the library, audiovisual room was set up as well. The room is applied to perform documentary films on world condition until 1950s, Asian- African Conference and its preliminary conferences, and films about the culture of the Asian- African Countries. 

Answer the questions below based on the text above!

a) What is the writer’s intention in writing the text? (L1)

b) What is the topic of the second paragraph? (L3)

c) What does the writer tell about in the third paragraph? (L3)

d) Who will likely read the text? (L3)

e) What benefit can you get by reading the text? (L3)

Mount Bromo

   Mount Bromo is one of Indonesia’s most interesting tourism destinations. Mount Bromo is an active volcano. Being in the area of Bromo Tengger National Park, this place belongs to four regencies, namely Probolinggo, Pasuruan, Lumajang, and Malang Regency. It comprises an area of about 10 square kilometres.

   Located on more than two thousand meters above sea level, the temperature in Mount Bromo can be very low. It can reach up to zero Celsius degrees, especially in the months of June and July. It is noted that in 2018 when Mount Bromo is on its extreme temperature, there was a phenomenon called “crystal dew” (the local people call it “embun upas”). In the local language, “upas” means “poison”. It is beautiful to see, but it is dangerous because it destroys plants.

  Apart from the “embun upas” phenomenon, Mount Bromo has many to offer, one of them is the view from Penanjakan Hill. Most people love to see sunrise and the scenery around the mount from a place called Penanjakan Hill. Visitors need to ride on jeeps for about an hour. There are hundreds of jeeps provided by local people which can be hired to reach the site. Usually visitors start riding jeeps about 2 o’clock in the morning and reach the site at about 4. Then, people have to hike for about another half hour. On the hill, visitors can enjoy the sunrise and see the three mounts from the top of the hills, namely Mount Bromo, Mount Semeru, and Mount Batok. The photograph of these three mounts are very familiar in the internet.

   Besides that, Mount Bromo is also known as the sea of sand. It’s because there is an area of about 5,920 hectares surrounding Mount Bromo, Mount Batok, Mount Widodaren, Mount Kursi, and Mount Watangan. The black sand is very fine. Visitors enjoy the sensation of “whispering sand”. This is caused by the sound of sand when it is blown by the wind. 

    Another object that visitors can enjoy is the savannah on the south of Mount Bromo. Visitors can enjoy the beautiful scenery of the green savannah with reed plants and many other plants. Being in this place, we will feel a different atmosphere because of the cool breeze and the beautiful green view. 

Asking the social function of the text

a. What does the text tell us about? (L1)

b. What is the writer’s intention in writing the text? (L1)

c. What is the topic of the second paragraph? (L3)

d. What does the writer tell about in the third paragraph? (L3)

e. Who will likely read the text? (L3)

f. What benefit can readers get by reading the text? (L3)

Asking the text structure

a) Why do the local people call the crystal dew “upas”? (L1)

b) Why can the temperature in Mount Bromo be very low? (L1)

c) What is “embun upas” and why is it dangerous? (L1)

d) What can visitors enjoy in Penanjakan Hill? (L1)

e) What makes an area of sea of sand in Bromo? (L1)

f) What can people enjoy in the southern part of Mount Bromo? (L1)



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