The Procedure of Fishbowl method

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      According to Silberman (2006: 69) the use a fishbowl to help bring focus to large group discussions. Although it is time consuming, this is the best method for combining the virtues of large-and small-group discussion. Bring new groups into the inner circle to continue the discussion. You can do this by obtaining new volunteers or assigning participants to be discussants. As a variation of concentric circles, you can have participants remain seated at a table and invite different groups or parts of a group to be the discussants as the others listen. Klik to Download Filenya

     The Fishbowl method allows you to explicitly teach a variety of social skills. It is one way to shine a light on the specific social skills that can either move a discussion forward or shut it down. The Fishbowl offers the class an opportunity to closely observe and learn about social interaction. You can use it in any content area (Chris Opitz, 2008:102). Other variations and extensions to implement Fishbowl are as follows: Klik to Download Filenya

  1. Instead of one large Fishbowl, consider multiple small Fishbowls of four to six students with two or three students in each of the inner or outer circles. 
  2. After the initial Fishbowl discussion, ask students to switch places, with the outer circle assuming the inner circle role, and vice versa. 
  3. Allow students from the outer circle to join the inner circle by tapping a student on the shoulder and exchanging places with him or her. This is a fun strategy for creating enthusiasm, and it keeps more students active and engaged. Be aware, though, that some students, some culture and religious are not comfortable with being touched, so consider as an alternative telling students who wish to join or exit a group to simply raise their hands, or give an entry/exit token such as a slip of paper. 
  4. Have students perform a task, such as solving a problem or learning a new skill, instead of discussing an issue. (Elizabeth, et al.,2005:149). Klik to Download Filenya

   In addition Vagle (2014: 9) the procedure of Fishbowl method in nine step there are:

  1. Eight seats are placed, in a circle, in the center of the room. 
  2. All other seats a pushed to form an outer circle for seating for non-participants. 
  3. The eight students in the circle, the fishbowl, are the  only ones allowed to speak in the room. There is to be no conversation outside of the circle. The teacher chooses the first students in the circle, at random. 
  4. The students engage in debate on an issue presented, as an open-ended question, by the teacher. 
  5. All participants must abide by the rules of civic discussion. These rules are provided in the discussion rubric. 
  6. The participants must also operate under the standards of common courtesy. (No yelling, no interrupting, no name-calling, etc.) 
  7. Once a student in the circle has spoken, a student from outside the circle may come and tap that student. The student in the circle must then give the one who tapped them their seat and return to the outside observation seats. The new entrant may not be tapped until he or she has spoken at least once. 
  8. Students, once removed from the circle, may return at any time. (They may not be tapped until they have spoken again) The teacher may grant preferential seating to students who have not yet participated in the debate. 
  9. The teacher does not participate in the discussion except to provide a new question or to terminate an irrelevant, or inappropriate, line of discussion. Klik to Download Filenya



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