Definition of Incidental Vocabulary

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        Based on Choo, Lin & Pandian (2012: 854) in the field of vocabulary acquisition, incidental learning is largely defined as the learning of vocabulary as a by-product of any activity not explicitly geared towards vocabulary learning. Ahmad (2011: 67) states Incidental learning is the process of learning something without the intention of doing so. It is also learning one thing while intending to learn another. In terms of language acquisition, incidental learning is said to be an effective way of learning vocabulary from context, Incidental Vocabulary Learning motivates learners for extensive reading. It involves learners' ability to guess the meaning of new words from the contextual clues. Incidental learning occurs more particularly through extensive reading in input-rich environments, albeit at a rather slow rate. Klik to Download Filenya

        Huckin & Coady (1999: 182) point out the incidental vocabulary acquisition is a by-product, not the target, of the main cognitive activity, reading. Incidental learning of vocabulary has certain advantages over direct instruction, including the following: giving the learner a richer sense of a word’s use and meaning than can be provided in traditional paired associate exercises, pedagogically efficient in that it enables two activities vocabulary acquisition and reading to occur at the same time, and more individualized and learner-based because the vocabulary being acquired is dependent on the learner’s own selection of reading materials. Klik to Download Filenya

      According to Barcroft (2009: 85) in  incidental vocabulary learning,  learners acquire new words from context without having the intention of doing so, such as when picking up new words with no intention of doing so during free reading. In addition Alemi & Tayebi (2011: 82) the deliberately committing to memory thousands of words along with grammatical words, or it can mean incidental learning by picking up structures and lexicon of a language, through getting engaged in a variety of communicative, incidental learning is definitely passive in that it can happen  when  the  focus  of  attention  is  on  some  relevant  features  of  input.  However,  he  believes  that  since  incidental learning is useful in task-based language, pedagogy is still a fruitful area of investigation. Klik to Download Filenya

       In explanation of K√∂hlmyr (2015: 5) states that incidental learning of vocabulary is words being acquired when engaging in an activity with another purpose than learning vocabulary, such as reading a book, listening in on a native-speaker conversation or trying to decide together with a peer the order of furniture in a room. Therefore, the term incidental should only be used to explain task design rather than the actual learning situation since the strategies learners implement cannot be known beforehand and is not quantifiable. Klik to Download Filenya

     Based on the some definition above the researcher concludes that the incidental vocabulary is a words being acquired when engaging in an activity with another purpose than learning vocabulary, such as reading a book and Incidental Vocabulary Learning motivates learners for reading

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