Definition of Learning

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      Dunn (2002: 1) conceives of learning as arelatively permanent change in behaviour with behaviour including both observable activity and internal processes such as thinking, attitudes and emotions.’  It is clear that includes motivation in this definition of learning, considers that learning might not manifest itself in observable behaviour until some time after the educational program has taken place. Klik to Download Filenya

     Wilson & Peterson (2006: 2) learning as a process of active engagement, learning as individual and social; and learner differences as resources to be used, not obstacles to be confronted. Learning!is a product of interaction.   Depending on the epistemology underlying the learning design, learners might interact with instructors and tutors, with content and/or with other people.  Many educators expend enormous amounts of effort to designing their learning to maximize the value of those interactions. Klik to Download Filenya

      Based on Houwer & Holmes & Moors (2013: 1) learning as a change in behavior that is due to e xperience. This is essent ially a very basic funct ional definition of learn ing in that learn ing is seen as a function that maps experi ence onto beh avior. In other words, learning is defin ed as an effect of experi ence on behavior. Klik to Download Filenya

     Rossum & Hamer (2010: 2) The five learning conceptions described are learning as the increase of knowledge, learning as memorising, learning as the acquisition of facts, procedures etcetera, which can be retained and/or utilised in practice, learning as the abstraction of meaning, learning as an interpretative process aimed at the understanding of reality. Klik to Download Filenya



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