Definition of Anxiety

Definition of Anxiety

Based on Cutrone (2009: 56) anxiety  is a the  apprehension  experienced  when  a  situation  requires  the  use  of  a second  language  with  which  the  individual  is  not  fully  proficient.  Some of the symptoms include nervousness, tension, apprehension, and introversion.

Lejla B (2011: 4) Anxiety is explained as a sort of fear that is manifested by visual signs, an abnormal and overwhelming sense of apprehension and fear often marked by physiological signs (as sweating, tension, and increased pulse), by doubt concerning the reality and nature of the threat, and by self-doubt about one's capacity to cope with it.

Wilson (2006: 69) Anxiety is a distinct set of beliefs, perceptions, and feelings in response to foreign language learning in the classroom and not merely a composite of other anxieties and that anxious students feel uniquely enable to deal with the task of language learning.

Marzec (2012: 221) anxiety is a multidimensional phenomenon, mostly of debilitative nature, conceptualized it in a model including three independent components: cognitive, physiological (somatic)  and  behavioral.  Being nervous,  stressed or forming negative expectations of one’s performance are typical cognitive symptoms of apprehension. Physiological consequences make students suffer from upset stomach, experience excessive perspiration or blushing and feel their heart pounding. Behavioral symptoms can be observed in one’s tendency for withdrawal, procrastination and avoidance.


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