Concept of Pragmatics

Concept of Pragmatics

Many  kinds  of  linguistics  to  way  communication.  One  of  them  is pragmatics.  Pragmatics  is  study  about  speaker  meaning.  In  other  word,  at pragmatics  study  about  the  meaning  of  the  context  between  the  speaker  and hearer, Jacobsen (2010: 8) point out the Speech act theory has little to contribute to pragmatics. pragmatics understood as the study of how language interacts with other cognitive systems (e.g. perception, memory, inference) in verbal communication and comprehension.

In pragmatics we studies not only about language but also learns about the external  meaning  of  the  sentence  or  utterance.  It  was  involved  such  an interpretation  for  what  people  mean  in  the  right  context  and  how  that  context impact  what  is  said.  In  this  studies  we  also  need  to  explore  what  listener implication  that  speaker  utterance  according to Dylgjeri (2017: 19) defines Pragmatics is seen as the study of language use in particular communicative contexts or situations of necessity, this would take cognizance of the message being communicated or the speech act being performed; the participants involved; their intention, knowledge of  the  world  and  the  impact  of  these  on  their  interactions;  what  they  have  taken  for granted  as  part  of  the  context;  the  deductions  they  make  on  the  basis  of  the  context; what  is  implied  by  what  is  said  or  left  unsaid;  etc.

Kristani (2013: 950) defines Pragmatics is concerning with the study of  speaker’s meaning. This study involves the interpretation about a context in an utterance which requires the same thought between the speaker and the hearer. the definitions of pragmatics are:


1.    The study of  speaker’s meaning

2.    Pragmatics focuses on the study of the meaning of utterances performed by a speaker and interpreted by a hearer.

3.    The study of  contextual meaning

4.    Pragmatics focuses on the interpretation of a context in the utterances performed by a speaker.

5.    The study of how more gets communicated than is said

6.    Pragmatics focuses on the ability of a hearer to interpret the intended meaning of a speaker.

7.    The study  of the expression of relative distance

8.    Pragmatics focuses on the determination of a speaker to decide how much needs to be said.


In conclusion, pragmatics can be defined as a study about the relationship between language and its social context in the process of communication between a speaker and hearer. Pragmatics talks about how people understand the speaker’s intention through verbal communication and gestures. In other words, pragmatics also studies how people comprehend and produce a communicative speech act in a conversation.


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