Concept of Expository Text

Concept of Expository Text

According to Beyer (2007: 2) expository texts, also known as informational texts (e.g. textbooks, journal articles, lab procedures government documents), are more difficult to comprehend than narrative texts (e.g. realistic and historical fiction, myths, fairy tales, plays, legends). Expository text is a type of informational text that provides factual information about a topic using a clear, non-narrative organizational structure with a major topic and supporting information.

a.    Characteristic of Expository Text

1)   Expository texts can include topics such as historical, scientific or economic information.

2)   Information is presented with a clear organizational text structure which includes but is not limited to: description, chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution. 

3)   The language in expository text is precise, specific to the subject, and includes domain specific vocabulary to explain concepts and information. 

4)   Expository text often includes organizational tools such as table of contents, headings, index, glossary, pronunciation guide, appendices.

5)   Includes text features that support or enhance the text such as photographs, illustrations, captions, charts, diagrams, tables, graphs, and timelines.

6)   Examples of expository text may include: trade books, articles, reports, textbooks, interviews, and essays.


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