The Principles of Teaching Grammar 

According to Nunan (2003: 158- 160), there are  three principles for teaching grammar:

a.       Integrate both inductive and deductive methods into your teaching.

In  deductive  classroom,  the  teacher  gives  a  grammatical  explanation  or  rule followed by a set of exercises designed to clarify the grammatical point and help the  learners  master  the  point.  In  inductive  teaching,  the  teacher  works  from principles  to  examples.  In  inductive  teaching,  the  teacher  presents  the  learners with samples of language and through a process of guided discovery, get them to work  out  the  principle  of  rule  for  themselves.  In  teaching  English,  there  is  no better method should be used. It depends on the grammar point being taught and the  learning  style  of  the  students.  Some  learners  appear  to  do  learn  more effectively  through  a  deductive  approach,  others  appear  to  do  better  through  an inductive approach. 

b.      Use tasks that make clear the relationship between grammatical form and communicative functions.

In teaching learning process, the teacher should present grammar in a context that  makes  clear  the  relationship  between  the  grammatical  form  and  the communicative  function.  For  example,  when  teaching  the  passive  voice,  show why the passive voice is used- to place the emphasis on the action rather than the doer, to hide the identity of the doer, etc.

c.       Focus  on  the  development  of  procedural  rather  than  declarative knowledge.

In the field of language learning, declarative knowledge is knowing language rules.  Procedural  knowledge  is  being  able  to  use  the  knowledge  for communication.  In  teaching  learning  process,  the  students  need  to  develop mastery of target language items not by memorizing rules, but by using the target items in communicative contexts.


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