General Principles of Curriculum Development

General Principles of Curriculum Development

            School based curriculum elementary and secondary levels of education developed by the school and the school committee based on competence standard(SKL) and content standard(SI) and curriculum guides created by BSNP, taking into account the following principle(Permendiknas No.22/2006) :

1.    Focused on learners’ potential, development, needs, and interest; and their environment.

Curriculum is developed based on the principle that learners have their own unique potential to develop their competence to become religiously devoted, bright, competitive, and responsible citizens. It is, therefore, the development of this potential is done based on the learners’ potentials and developmental needs. The learners are supposed to be the central attention of learning activities (learners’ oriented curriculum).

2.    Varied and integrated

Curriculum is developed by keeping in mind the diversity of learners characteristic, geography condition, level and type of education, as well as appreciating differences in religion, ethnics, culture, tradition, socio-economics status, and gender.  Curriculum must contain required subjects, local content, and integrated self development and is developed in a meaningful and right intersubjects integration.

3.    Responsive to the development of science, knowledge, technology, and art

Curriculum is developed based on awareness that science, knowledge, technology, and art are developing dynamically. Therefore, the curriculum spirit and content are required to provide learners with learning experience that enable them to keep up with and utilize science, knowledge, technology, and art development.

4.    Relevant to the need of life

Curriculum is developed by involving the stakeholders to ensure its relevance to the needs of life which include social life, business, and employment. It is therefore, educational institutions have to include the development of personal, thinking, social, academic, and vocational skills.

5.    Comprehensive and continued

Curriculum content includes the whole dimensions of competences and subjects that are planned and presented continously through all educational level. It means, therefore, that the same subject may be presented at different level, but with diverse depth and scope.

6.    Lifelong learning

Curriculum is directed toward the process of learners’ development, aculturation, and empowerment in the frame of life long learning. The curricullum reflects the interrelation of formal, non-formal, and informal education by paying attention to the ever changing environment condition and demand.

7.    Balancing national and regional interests

Curriculum is developed by paying attention to the national and regional interest in order to develop a well balanced life in community, nation, and state. National and regional interests must remain in balance with the motto of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia: unity through diversity.


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