Definition of Picture

Definition of Picture

Mcwan defines Pictures  are  the  simplest  and  commonly  used. Pictures  are  very  effective.  Pictures  provide associations  for  the  learning  of  new  words.  The more concrete a word is, the easier it is to find and uses a picture  for  its  illustration. Pictures, These aids serve basically the same purpose as physical models.  The photographs must be quite large for ease of viewing by the entire audience.  They are not practical for use in large groups[1].

A picture can give some description of something for instance, the teacher show the picture of animal being at zoo to the students. They may think that there are many animal (domestic and wild animal) like lions, monkeys, elephants, etc. in addition, it can motivate them to mention or say what they see in the pictures to each other or to the teacher during learning process.

In addition Picture is an easy way for simultaneous attention to the  building  blocks  of  second  language learning.  Using  picture  for  presenting  new vocabulary has been a fundamental principle in  many  methods and the using of picture  activities  form  a  mental link  at  the  early  stages  of  second  language learning,  especially  if  it  is  created  by  the students  themselves[2].

In other hand the  picture  is  used  in  a  more  meaningful  and  ‘real-life-communicative’ way than being just displayed for students to say what they can actually see. This will probably have a greater impact on the retention of a piece of vocabulary again and also subsequently on the ability to use it in communication[3]

Ninh “A picture is worth a thousand words” is totally true because visual aids can help  establish  organization  for  presentation.  In  other  words,  one  of  the  most  effectiveness  of visual aids is establishing the overall organization for the presentation; therefore, students look   for  order  in  everything  they  have  experienced[4].

[1] Mcwan (2015) Using Visual Aids As Authentic Material In Esl Classrooms. Research Journal of English Language and Literature (RJELAL) A Peer Reviewed (Refereed) International Journal. Page 93

[2] Zarei & Salimi 2012 The comparative effects of song, picture and the keyword method on L2 vocabulary recognition and production. Page 45

[3] Joklová 2009 Using pictures in teaching vocabulary. Masaryk University Facult of Education. Brno. Page 17

[4] Ninh, Trần Thị 2010The effecectivess of visual AIDS to vocabulary learing by 10TH graders in Le Quy Don High School Hai Phong. Page 1


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