Concept and Types of Interest

 Concept and Types of Interest

           In general, interest is related to intrinsic motivation and is cantered on the individual’s inherent curiosity and desire to know more about himself or herself and his or her environment. Zoltan (2001: 110) states that interest is on of the sources of motivation which drive people to do what they want to do when they are free to choose.

Winkel (1986:30) says interest is a constant inclination in a subject to feel interested in a certain thing and feel pleased to do it. Students who are interested in reading English will be active and pay serious attention to what is read. Magliano (2011) Interest describes that interest is a particular relationship between a person and a content area that is characterized by focusing attention and positive affect.

According to Slameto (2003) interest is persisting tendency  to  pay  attention  to  and  enjoy  some  activities  or  content.  This definition tells us that an interest is shown by paying attention and enjoyment in any activity. So, by having interest we are going to be able to get attention in learning  fully.  It  means  that  when  a  person  is  interested  in  something  he/she will  pay  it  full  attention  and  also  feels  enjoy in it.  In  other  words,  in teaching-learning  process,  a  teacher  needs  paying  attention  on  students‟ interest  and  need,  because  both  of  them  cause  an  attention.  Something interest and needed by students make them to learn seriously.

From the definitions explained above, the researcher concludes that interest is the internal power as sources of motivation in learning process. It makes students easier to involve in the subject because they will pay attention fully  on  the subject being studied. In  term  of  mental  condition, interest does not only  form ones behavior but also support him or herself to the activity in reading  and as  a result, one pays attention and makes him or herself to be a part in the activities.

 Types of Interest

Eidswick (2009) defines Interest is commonly categorized as situational interest, individual interest and topic interest.

1.      Situational interest is an emotional state aroused by features of environmental or textual stimuli. Characteristics that have been found to arouse situational interest include textual coherence and comprehensibility, novelty and personal relevance

2.      Individual interest is considered to be a stable and enduring inclination to engage with activities or  four-phase model of interest development wherein situational interest, when provided with social support, can develop into increasingly committed levels of individual interest.    

3.      The topic interest refers to interest prompted by a certain topic or theme. It appears to share qualities of both situational and individual interest with contributions of either depending on individuals’ knowledge, experiences and the perceived value of a topic.


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