Concept of Interest Definition and Types of Interest

Concept of Interest Definition and Types of Interest

Definition of Interest

In general, interest is related to intrinsic motivation and is cantered on the individual’s inherent curiosity and desire to know more about himself or herself and his or her environment. Zoltan (2001: 110) are sources of motivation which drive people to do what they want to do when they are free to choose.

Winkel (1986:30) says interest is a constant inclination in a subject to feel interested in a certain thing and feel pleased to do it. Students interested in reading English will be active and pay serious attention to what is read. Magliano (2011) Interest describes a particular relationship between a person and a content area that is characterized by focused attention and positive affect.

According to Slameto (2003) interest is persisting tendency  to  pay  attention  to  and  enjoy  some  activities  or  content.  This definition tells us that an interest is shown by a pay attention and enjoyment in any activity. So, by having interest we are going to be able to get attention in learning  fully.  It  means  that  when  a  person  is  interested  in  something  he/she will  pay  it  full  attention  and  also  feels  enjoyable  it.  In  other  words,  in teaching-learning  process,  a  teacher  needs  paying  attention  on  students‟ interest  and  need,  because  both  of  them  caused  an  attention.  Something interest and needed by students make them to learn seriously.

From the definitions explained above, the researcher conclude that interest is the internal power as sources of motivation in learning process. It makes students easier to involve in the subject because they will pay attention fully  on  that  subject  in  this  case  is  speaking.  In  term  of  mental  condition, interest does not only  form ones behavior but also support him or herself to the activity in reading  and as  a result, one pays attention and makes him or herself to be a part in the activities.

Types of Interest

Alexander  and  Jetton  (2000)  gave  a  detailed  review  of  definitions  and  categories  of  interest. They  introduced  two  main  dimensions  of  interest  involved  in  the  reading  process:  situational  and  individual.  Individual  interest  subsumes  the  readers’  preferences  for  certain text topics or subject matter, and this interest exists before reading a particular text and Situational interest refers to interest caused by situational factors, such as  the  text  and  test;  a  particular  situation  can  influence  situational  interest,  and  is  therefore  not enduring

Conversely,  Hidi  and  Anderson  (1992)  defined  text-based  situational  interest  as  interest that  is  activated  by  text  through  topics  or  ideas  that  are  of  universal  appeal.  Hidi  (1990)  noted that,  whereas  individual  interest  research  tends  to  focus  on  individual  differences,  research  that deals with the “interestingness” of a situation focuses on the effect of interest across individuals. Similarly, recognizing that interest can be evoked by sources other than text characteristics, she concluded  that  the  term  situational  interest  should  be  adopted  to  describe  all  environmentally-triggered interest of which text-based interest should be considered as one sub-type. In addition to  these  two  categories,  topic  interest,  that  is,  interest  triggered  when  a  specific  theme  is presented, was yet another topic investigated.


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