Types of Reading Text

Types of Reading Text

Knapp and Watkins (2005, p. 26-27) Working with texts as if they are structured objects, we can take a more generative approach where they are seen as an arrangement of relative constants (forms and grammatical codes) always in engagement with the potential for variation and change. This provides a basis for thinking of genres as groupings of central, relatively constant processes that can provide students with the disposition to write; a factor of course dependent on the pedagogy used to implement approach. Genres from this perspective are not seen so much as products or text types, but as a core set of generic processes (describing, explaining, instructing, arguing and narrating)

1)      Describing is the process of  ordering things into commonsense or technical frameworks of meaning commonly used in personal descriptions, common sense descriptions, technical descriptions, information reports, scientific reports and definitions.

2)      Explaining is the process of sequencing phenomena in temporal  and/or causal relationships commonly used in explanations of how, explanations of why, elaborations, illustrations, accounts and explanation essays.

3)      Instructing is the process of logically sequencing actions or  behaviours commonly used in procedures, instructions, manuals, recipes and directions

4)      Arguing is the process of expanding a proposition to persuade  readers to accept a point of view. commonly used in essay expositions discussions debates interpretations and evaluations

5)      Narrating is the process of sequencing people and events  in  time and  space commonly used in personal, recounts, historical recounts, stories, fairy tales, myths, fables and narratives

Based on the explanation above the researcher concludes that the five type of reading text there are describing, explaining, instructing, arguing and narrating have to make the materials at the classroom


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