Definition of Learning

Definition of Learning

Dunn (2002: 1) conceives of learning as a relatively permanent change in behaviour with behaviour including both observable activity and internal processes such as thinking, attitudes and emotions.’  It is clear that includes motivation in this definition of learning, considers that learning might not manifest itself in observable behaviour until some time after the educational program has taken place.

Wilson & Peterson (2006: 2) learning as a process of active engagement, learning as individual and social; and learner differences as resources to be used, not obstacles to be confronted. Learning!is a product of interaction.   Depending on the epistemology underlying the learning design, learners might interact with instructors and tutors, with content and/or with other people.  Many educators expend enormous amounts of effort to designing their learning to maximize the value of those interactions.

Based on Houwer & Holmes & Moors (2013: 1) learning as a change in behavior that is due to experience. This is essentially a very basic functional definition of learning in that learning is seen as a function that maps experience onto behavior. In other words, learning is defined as an effect of experience on behavior.

Rossum & Hamer (2010: 2) The five learning conceptions described are learning as the increase of knowledge, learning as memorising, learning as the acquisition of facts, procedures etcetera, which can be retained and/or utilised in practice, learning as the abstraction of meaning, learning as an interpretative process aimed at the understanding of reality.


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