1.   The nature of writing.

Mayers (2005) stated that writing is a way to produce a language you do naturally when you speak. Writing is speaking to other on paper - or on computer screen. Writing also is an action or a process of discovering and organizing your ideas, putting words on a paper and reshaping and revising them

Writing is a personal act in which writers take ideas or prompts and transform them into “self-initiated” topics” O’Malley and Pierce (in Sutikno, 2004:13). According to Cox 1999 in Sutikno 2004:13, writing is a way of knowing, of discovering what we want to know as we put it down not only in the form of words and phrases but of scribbles and drawing, ideas and images, and all the other wonderful stuff in our mind that may only become clear as we engage in the process of writing down. In other words, we may not know what we are going to write until we write it. Thus, as we write, writing becomes a way of knowing. At the beginning of the composing process there is a blank paper. At the end of the composing process there is a piece of writing, which has detached itself from the writer and found its own meaning. Getting started can be difficult, even terrifying. However, a good writer recognizes the difficulty of the undertaking and find it stimulating. 

Writing differs from speaking in one very important way that is the text has to carry all the meaning, because the writer is never around to explain. It is very different from the normal speech situation, in which listeners can tell us that they don’t understand, or we can use tone of voice or body language to explain some point. In writing, the words on the page do it all. In line with the statement, Brereton (1978) states that writers cannot expect a kind of feedback from the reader. If the readers are not following, writers cannot back up and try all over again. The writing either gets understood or it doesn’t. So to make up for the difference, writers must arrange the text very carefully.


2.   The writing skill

Writing is one of important skills that language learners need to learn as an essential component not only for their academic practice but also later in their professional life. Teaching or learning how to write successfully gets even more complicated and challenged for both language teachers and students. The teaching of writing is a matter of prescribing a set of predetermined tasks or exercises to the students.

When teachers teach writing course not only teach about how to develop ideas in writing, but also need a serious attention of how to write English sentences grammatically and systematically. So, teaching writing will be good if depends on the teachers' ability how to teach writing effectively which can make the students’ ability being improved.

A well-written piece can be described as incorporating elements of writing in such a way that a reader can experience the writer's intended meaning, understand the writer's premise, and accept or reject the writer's point of view. According to Lee (2005), in improving the effectiveness of writing, there are some important notes must be noticed in teaching writing and assessment. In this connection, there are some ways to improve the effectiveness in writing skills such as:

a.   Is focused on the topic and does not contain extraneous or loosely related information.

b.   Has an organizational pattern that enables the reader to follow the flow of ideas because it contains a beginning, middle, and end and uses transitional devices.

c.   Contains supporting ideas that are developed through the use of details, examples, vivid language, and mature word choice.

d.   Follows the conventions of standard written English (punctuation, capitalization, and spelling) and has variation in sentence structure.


Related on the tips above, there are some ways also to make the writing skills easier as follows:

a.   Ideas that is interesting and important. Ideas are the heart of the piece what the writer is writing about and the information he or she chooses to write about it.

b.   Organization that is logical and effective. Organization refers to the order of ideas and the way the writer moves from one idea to the next.

c.   Voice that is individual and appropriate. Voice is how the writing feels to someone when they read it

d.   Word Choice that is specific and memorable. Good writing uses just the right words to say just the right things.

e.   Sentence Fluency that is smooth and expressive. Fluent sentences are easy to understand and fun to read with expression.

f.    Conventions that is correct and communicative. Conventions are the ways we all agree to use punctuation, spelling, grammar, and other things that make writing consistent and easy to read.


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