Concept of Synectic Comparison

 Concept of Synectic Comparison

Definiton of Synectic Comparison Strategy

According to Preszler. J. (2006: 21) Synectics is a strategy for comparing content to an unrelated object. It causes students to think about vocabulary words in creative ways. In a synectic comparison, the brain has to compare two things that aren’t usually compared. In addition, the strategy requires the brain to create pictures as it searches for comparisons. As a result, students are more likely to retain the information.

Based on Schaffer (1986: 46) Synectics is a system which introduces strategies for teaching writing, creativity, and thinking. This approach uses metaphors and analogies to guide students through new ways of viewing their world. With synectics, students possess the tools to look at themselves and their surroundings in creative and imaginative ways.

Vygotsky classify Synectics as a mental tool – an intentional strategy for enhancing the effectiveness of higher mental functions.  Mental tools, he claimed, play a key role in cognitive development by functionally changing the way learners perceive, process and store information

Seligmann (2007: 13) Synectics is especially valuable in classrooms of diverse thinkers because it accommodates the vast array of learning styles in each system While students can benefit from using Synectics on their own, some of its educational value is lost when removed from the social environment. Working with other students who perceive situations differently helps students adapt to and understand alternative perspectives


Why Use Synectic Comparison Strategy

1)      It activates students' prior knowledge about content area vocabulary and concepts, and can improve their comprehension.

2)      It sparks students' curiosity about their vocabulary.

3)      It teaches students to guess how words may be used in the text and create meaningful sentences.

2.3.3                   The Purpose of Synectic Comparison Strategy

Moore and Moore (1986:197) the purpose of Synectic Comparison Strategy is:

1)        Designed to help students to learn new vocabulary to encountered in a reading assignment.

2)        Make pridictions about sentences to be found in their reading.

3)        Provide purpose for reading.and

4)        Arous their curiosity concerning the text to be read


Procedure of Synectic Comparison Strategy

Preszler. J. (2006: 21) defines the step of Synectic Comparison Strategy as follows:

1)      Identify vocabulary words or content terms.

2)      Provide students with words not related to the content. Students may use these words to create their comparisons. For example, if the science content term is comet, you might provide students with the following options:

Toaster Speed       boat     Ice cream cone            Stallion

3)      Create an example to model the synectic.

A comet is like a _______________ because ___________.

A comet is like a toaster because it burns very hot.

4)      4. Share your example with the class. Explain your logic or thinking for the comparison. Give students the opportunity to list additional ways that a comet might be like a toaster.

5)      Ask students to create their own comparisons. Students may work in teams or pairs. Allow students to select from the comparison options you’ve provided or to select their own objects for comparison.

6)      Direct students to create a graphic illustration to accompany their synectics.

7)      Direct small groups to share their creations with the class.


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