Concept of Procedure Text

Concept of Procedure Text

The text classification may differ from one theory to another. Based on generic structure and language feature dominantly used, English texts are divided into 13 types. They are narrative, recount, descriptive, report, explanation, analytical exposition, hortatory exposition, procedure, discussion, review, anecdote, spoof, and news item. Descriptive text is a text which say what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.

1.      Definition of Procedure Text

Anderson (1997:50) Procedure text is a piece of text that gives us instructions for doing something.  The purpose is to explain how something can be done. Procedure is a piece of text that describes how something is accomplished through a sequence of actions or steps.

2.      Social Function of Procedure Text

Especially, the social function of Procedure Text is to tell someone how to do something or how to make something and how to operate something.

3.      Generic Structure of Procedure Text

According  to  Swales (1990:42), “structure  of  texts  is  a device that supports communicative purpose” Some with other text type, procedure text also has generic structure according to communicative  purpose  of  the  text  itself.  However there are certain similarities within the texts with the same purpose. The similarities create an expectation of the general schematic structure of the text that is called generic structure of a text.

The  generic  structure  of  procedure  text  also  called  as constructing  a  procedure  text.  Constructing itself comes from the verb “construct”, which has meaning: to build something, to put or fit something together, to form together.  Both  of  them have same  meaning,  there  are  three  generic  structure  of procedure text, they are:

a.    An Introductory statement that gives the aim or goal.

b.   A  list  of  the  materials  that  will  be  needed  for completing  the procedure  (not  required  for  all procedural texts).

c.    A  sequence  of  steps  in  the  order  they  need  to  be  done, because  goal  followed  by  a  series  of  steps  oriented  to achieving the goal.

4.      Significant Lexicogrammatical Features

Besides  having  social  function  and  generic  structure, procedure  text  also  has  significant  lexicogrammatical  features that support the form of a procedure text. They are:

a.       Simple Present Tense, especially imperative form

       Eventually,  procedure  text  has  the  social  function  is  to tell  someone  to  do  something.  So, the instruction here is used by imperative verb in present tense. For examples get, chop, cut, stir, add, boil, grind, etc.

b.        Connective of sequence

Sometimes, that is not enough to make a good instruction just using imperative form of present tense. But, to make it better and easy to follow, we need the word like as then, after that, next, finally, etc.  These are called comparative sequence.

c.         Numbering

The function of numbering here is same as comparative of sequence.  It will be needed if the writer wants to show some variant of sequence, for examples: first, second, third, fourth and etc.

from  an  example  above,  everybody  know  how  to  write procedure  text.  First, they must write a goal.  Second,  they  write  a list  of  materials  that  will  be  needed  for  completing  the  procedure, such  as  kind  of  ingredients  and utensils.  And  the  last,  they  need steps  to  achieve  the  goal  with  the  purpose:  to  tell  the  making process of a cheese omelet to the reader.


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