The Concept of Brainstorming

 The Concept of Brainstorming

1.   Definition of Brainstorming

Brainstorming strategy is one of the most important strategies in provoking creativity and solving problems in the educational,  commercial,  industrial  and  political  fields.  Brainstorming  strategy  was  introduced  by  Alex  Osborn, an  American  advertisement  company  manager  in  1938  as  a  results  of  his  inconvenience  of  traditional  business meetings. Brainstorming means the use of brain to the active problem solving and the brainstorming session a ims to develop creative solutions to problems (Jarwan, 2005).

According to Isaksen (1998: 3) brainstorming is abbreviated summary of how Osborn actually presented this well-known group approach to idea generation is given.

Wilson (2006: 50-53) Brainstorming is a creativity method, which aims at getting as many ideas as possible in a limited amount of time. Brainstorming is a group method, meant to take place in meetings or sessions. Traditionally the settings for a brainstorming session are a meeting room with a blackboard and a group of people.

Facdev (2008: 1) Brainstorming is a cooperative approach in which a number of people collectively agree upon a solution after all of their ideas are brought forth and discussed. Brainstorming is a strategy used to generate a number of ideas to help solve a particular problem. The technique has been around for over 70 years and is still used today to engage students in solving a range of problems.

2.   The Procedure of Brainstorming

A-blwi (2006)  mentioned for stages that  must be  followed in problem solving  within the brainstorming session, those are:

a)      Phrasing  the  Problem:  The  teacher  who  is  responsible  on  the  sessions  offers  a  problem  and  discusses  its various dimensions for students to ensure understanding.

b)      Framing the problem: in this stage the teachers determines the problem accurately by reframing the problem in certain questions. This may offer acceptable solutions without the need for further brainstorming.

c)      Practicing brainstorming for one or more than one statement in problem. This step is very important as many ideas are generated.

Al-qarni (2011) mentioned that this step needs:

a)      conducting warming up session

b)      Receiving ideas even if they were nonsense.

c)      Offering the four principles of brainstorming on the board in order to bee seen by students.

d)     writing and presenting all ideas ( Proposed solutions).

e)      Frustration and boring must be avoided.


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