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a.   Definition of Recount text

What is recount text? According to Siswanto, Joko (2005: 202) recount is a text that tells someone’s past experience in a chronological  order. Derewianka (1990:15) also assets in recount, we construct past experience. A recount is the unfolding of a sequence of events overtimes. It is used to tell retell past events for the purpose of informing or entertaining. Its focus is on a sequence of events. It generally is begun with an orientation. It provides  the backgrounds information needed to understand the  text such as who was involved, where it happened and when it happened. Then, the recount unfolds with a series of events (ordered in a chronological sequence). At various  stages, there may be some personal comments on the incident. We call it re-orientation.

Recount is typically tells entertain by dealing with a sequence of events that establishes a relationship between a writer/reader/ speaker/listener. A recount is a story about the sequence of happening in past time to entertain the readers. It uses past tense to tell the story and focuses on individual participant. “Recount text retells the events for the purpose of informing or entertaining.” In the Handout of Writing 3 (2010: 19).

Recount text based on the life experiences and familiar language. Recounts are used in most subjects to show memory of series of events as in accounts of Science excursion, everyday life in another time or culture. Personal letters to friends are often recounts of experience


b.   The Generic Structure of Recount Text

Based on Indahsari. (2010: 21-22) The generic structures of recount text are:

1)   Orientation.

Orientation tells who was involved in the story, when, where, and why the story happened. Orientation provides the setting and introduce participant

2)   Record of events.

Records of the story tell what are in the story. Events are usually arranged in a temporal sequence. It tells what happened, in what sequence

3)   Re- orientation.

Re- orientation is the conclusion of the story. It is optional element. It is at the end which summarizes at the events.


c.   Types of Recount Text

Lexicon grammatical features of recount text divided into:

1)   General

a)   Specific participant (Mrs. Agung, our dog, the shopkeeper)

b)   Use of simple past tense (she smiled, it barked, he pointed)

c)   Use of action verbs /material processes ( went, climbed, etc)

d)   Use of linking item to do with time (on Wednesday, then, at the same time, next, later, before)

e)   Detail irrelevant to the purpose of the text should be avoided.

2)   Personal Recount

a)   Use of first person pronouns (I, we)

b)   Personal Responses to the event can be included, particularly at the end.

c)   Details are often chosen to add interest or humor.

3)   Factual Recount

a)   Use of third person pronouns (he, she, it, they)

b)   Details are usually selected to help the reader reconstruct the activity or incident accurately.

c)   Sometimes the ending describes the outcome of the acidity (e.g. in a science experiment)

d)   Mention of feelings is probably not appropriate.

e)   Details of time, place and manner may need to be precisely stated ( 1.45 pm, between Johnson St and Park Rd, the man drove at thespeed of 85 kph)

f)   Descriptive details may also be required to provide precise information (e.g. a man with a blue shirt, black shoes, and short hair, weighing 76 kilos and approximately 189 cm tall).

g)   The passive voice may be used (e.g. the beaker was filled with water)

h)   It may be appropriate to include explanation and justifications.

4)   Imaginative Recount

This type of recount that the text presented an imaginary role and giving details of event.

a)   Usually written in the first person

b)   It may be appropriate to include personal reactions.

d.   The Language Feature of Recount Text


d.   The language features of recount text are:

1)   Recount text focus on what an individual or a group of people were doing. It can be written in the first or the third person.

2)   Using past tense. Past tense is the form a verb used to describe actions in the past. Many linguistics explain by the own term but most of them have the same content

3)   Using Material (action) Process; Material Processes are processes of material doing. They express the notion that some entity physically does something-which may be done to some other entity.

4)   Focus on temporal sequence of events (temporal conjunction) Conjunction is a connective. It is a part of speech (or word class) that serves to connect words, phrases, clause or sentence. Example: Last year, on the weekend, then, etc


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