Reading Comprehension

A.    Definition of Reading Comprehension

Reading comprehension is the activity between the reader and the writer’s idea. Where the writer sends his/her idea in the written symbols and then the reader catches the idea it. Readung is on activity cognitive process of interactive with printing and minitoring comprehension to establish meaning (Kustaryo in Hasriani, 2006:22).

Nurhadi in Hasriani (2006: 19) states that to comprehend a text is an interactive process between the reader background knowledge and the text. This means that comprehension requires the ability to relate the textual material to one’s own knowledge

Comprehension is based on knowledge that reading makes sense, readers' prior knowledge, information presented in the text, and and the use of context to assist recognition of words and meaning and to make sense of what one reads and hears. Comprehension is specific kinds of thinking process.


B.     Reading Comprehension Levels

Pettit. N. T. and Cockriel. I. W. (1974: 64) the majority of studies have found reading comprehension to be composed of two broad categories: Literal comprehension, inferential comprehension.

1)   Literal Comprehension

Based on Alam. S. (2008: 12) Literal reading refers to ideas and fact directly started or the printed page. Literal reading is the skill of getting the primary direct literal meaning of sentence in context the basic of literal comprehension are recognizing state ideas details, effect and sequence. The basic of literal comprehension are recognizing is fundamental to all reading skill at any levels because a reader must first understand what the author said.

2)   Interpretive or Inferential Comprehension

Burns in Astriani (2007: 8) defines the interpretive reading is means read between the lines or making inferences. It is the process of deriving ideas that are implied rather than directly stated. This level demands higher level of thinking ability because the question in the category of interpretation are concerned with answer that are not directly stated in the text but are suggested or implied where the students make connections among individuals’ states ideas, make inferences, draw conclusion, read between the lines to get inferences, or implied meaning from the text.


HUB 085398507498

Postingan terkait: