Kinds of Picture

Kinds of Picture

Bowen (1991) writes  about  different  types  of  pictures.  She  gives  us  definitions  of four  types and describes their sources, selection and display, classroom use:

a.       Wall picture and wall charts:

Most  wall  charts  consist  of  combination  of  visual  and  verbal  material.  Their  aim  is  to  give information on topic. A wall picture, on other hand, is simply a large illustration of a scene or event, or a set of scenes or events. The criteria for choosing or making good wall picture are relevance, recognition, size, and clarity. The best of storing wall pictures and wall charts is to display on the classroom wall.

b.      Sequence pictures:

Sequence pictures are series of pictures on a single subject. They reveal their story or theme, like  a  strip  cartoon,  in  a  connected  set  of  illustrations  for  good  selection  and  display  the teacher must:

1)      Make  the  titles  and  captions large enough  to read,  or  omit  them  all  together  and  do the describing orally;

2)      Link pictures. There should be continuity of characterization, setting and subject from picture to picture, with figures of uniform size and recurring landmarks;

3)      If book or magazine illustrations are copied, they should be simplified and parts not essential to teaching aims should be left out;

4)      The  pictures  themselves  should  all  be  the  same size  and  similarly  mounted in  order to  make  a set.

c.       Flash cards:

Flash cards are word flash cards and picture flash cards. Picture flash cards are teacher’s accompanying guide. The picture collections are built up and used by number of teachers’. Picture flashcards are most suitable for representation of a single concept, such as an object or  an  action.  Teachers`  representation  of  a  single  concept,  such  as  an  object  or  an  action. Teachers  can  use  flashcards  for  presentation  new  item,  for  practice  of  previously  taught language and revision.

d.      Drawings on the board:

Drawings on the board catch the students’ attention, change the pace of lessons, and variety and  cause  enjoyment,  amusement  and  encourage  naturals  of  response.  The  teacher  can organize  different  activities  through  drawing  on  the  board    He/she  can  teach  vocabulary, spelling, pronunciation, drills and so on.


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