Based on Mursyid (2011:2) Descriptive Text is a kind of text with a purpose to give information. The context of this kind of text is the description of particular thing, animal, person, or others, for instance: our pets or a person we know well. It differs from Report which describes things, animals, persons, or others in general. The Social Function of Descriptive Text is to describe a particular person, place, or thing.

According to Denis (1982: 541)Descriptive text refers to concrete content will develop a series of successive images that depict the scenes and episodes described in the text. When those descriptions denote, for example, physical data (descriptions of characters, of landscapes, etc.) or narrative data (descriptions of actions, of events, etc.), the reader will tend to develop such a series of images.

The Generic Structure of Descriptive Text consists of Identification and Description.

1.      Identification: Identifies phenomenon to be  described.

2.      Description: Describes parts, qualities, characteristics,  etc.

Language features Descriptive often uses 'be' and 'have'. Tense which is often used is Simple Present Tense. However, sometimes it uses Past tense if the thing to be described doesn't exist anymore. Significant  Grammatical Features:

1.      Focus on specific participant

(My English teacher,  Andini's cat, My favourite place)

2.      Use of Simple Present Tense

3.      Verbs of being and having 

'Relational Processes'.

(My mum is really cool, She has long black hair)

4.       Use of descriptive adjectives 

(strong legs, white fangs)

5.      Use of detailed Noun Phrase to give information about the subject.

(a very beautiful  scenery, a sweet young lady, very thick fur)

6.      Use of action verbs 'Material Processes'

(It eats grass, It runs fast)

7.       Use of adverbials to give additional information about behavior.

(fast, at tree house)

8.      Use of Figurative language 

(John is as white as chalk.)


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