Systemic Functional Linguistics (LFS)

 Systemic Functional Linguistics (LFS)

Systemic Functional Linguistic Theory (LFS) is a liguistic theory since the 20th  century  at  University  of  London  which  followed  Halliday  and  Greogory who  call  themselves  Neo-Firthian  by  developing  a  framework  of  linguistic theories  about  systems,  functions,  meanings,  social  semiotics  and  language contexts,  Sinar  (2012).  Halliday's  LSF  theory  is  different  from  systemic theories  of  language  that  view  language  as  part  of  social  phenomena  that  are related to the social context in language use. 

LFS  conveyed  a  broad  meaning  in  developing  theories,  descriptions, practices  and  applications  of  studies  of  language,  text,  and  context.  The application  of  LSF  in  solving  the  problems  of  language,  to  understand  the nature  and  function  of  language  functions,  to  understand  the  similarities  of aspects of the language of all languages, the differences in language differences with  one  another,  understanding  the  quality  of  texts,  understanding  and producing  speech,  moving  written  texts  to  oral  texts  and  understanding  the relationship between language and culture.

LSF  presented  the  framework  "Linguistic  Theory”  by  following  the functional systematic linguistic principles. In investigating the phenomenon of discourse analysis, this theory applied a language foundation approach that was interpretatively semiotic, thematic and interdisciplinary, Sinar (2012). The term "systematic"  (S)  has  implications  for  systemic  relationships  and  choices  of speaker systems / writers in a network system of relationships, and this choice starts from vertical or paradigmatic, systems of meaning systems involved and interrelations  with  phenomena  that  investigated,  the  underlying  system  of meaning  systems  behind  it,  below  it,  above  it  and  around  it  or  across  the phenomena being investigated, Sinar (2012).

The term "Functional" (F) implies that discourse analysis pays attention to  the  functional  realization  of  the  system  in  structures  and  patterns,  which  are structurally  horizontal  and  syntagmatic,  function  or  meaning  meanings  that exist  in  language  and  the  function  of  language  is  to  make  meaning  which means  expressed  by  the  speaker  /  writer  together  according  to  the  purpose  of making meaning in a text. The meaning and function are important components in  creating  text.  The contextualization  of  learning  to  language  learners  is  that language learning means learning to interpret language,  Halliday dalam Sinar( 2012).





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