A.  The Background of the Study

The usage of cohesive devices in writing descriptive paragraph was very usefull in novel by Jeff Kinney “ Diary of a Wimpy Kid The Ugly Truth” year 2010,. According to Sena (2010) Cohesive devices are typically single words or phrases that basically make the text hang together. By analogy, they are much like the seem in our clothing which keep items like jackets and trouser together. It is helpful for students in develoving their ideas to make a good paragraph especially writing descriptive paragraph. A cohesive device is when a word or phrase is linked together in a sentence or article. Cohesive devices were useful English language conjunctions, transitional phrases, synonyms and pronouns that express ideas in cohesive manner.

They were used to join sentences together to make ideas more understandable to the reader. Therefore, the researcher had some reason of this problem, such as: the readers had lack of comprehending about cohesive devices in novel, the readers had difficulties in developing idea, the readers still had lack of vocabulary, They also could not write a good paragraph especially in novel “ Diary of a Wimpy Kid The Ugly Truth” by using cohesive devices, and the students were easy to get bored in writing.

The first reason, based on the writer’s experience in teaching, there were some writer did not understand about cohesive devices in . Cohesive devices can tell the writer what we are doing in a sentence and help to guide them through our writing. They signal to the writer  what the relationships are between the different clauses, sentences and paragraphs. They also argued that writing is the most difficult subject the students have to produce a text by using English. They have to write about what they think in their mind and state it on a paper by using the correct procedure. Meyers (2005:2) states that writing is a way to produse language you do naturally when you speak.

The second reason, writing  paragraph by using cohesive devices is one of writing types that could not be mastered by students. In writing paragraph, the students had difficulties in developing idea and appropriate word and confused to find the topic. Student’s difficulty in writing good composition could be seen from their poor writing. Pradiyono (2006:165) states that descriptive paragraph is a paragraph that of an object, both living thing and dead things including human and animals. Writting is focus on the of parts, characteristics, specialist, qualities or quantities by using objectives or attributed. The description must be organized so that the reader could vividly image the sceene being describe. The arrangement of the details in a descriptive paragraph of details depend on the subject. The selection of the details depend on the describer’s purpose.

The third reason, the students still had lack of vocabulary. They did not know how to arrange the sentence well. They were still confused to express and to generate their ideas that should be conveyed in text. They were still got difficulties to write well although they knew the topic which has given by the teacher. Students had lack confidence in teks on their own. writer also had low of vocabulary often make mistake in selecting the appropriate words to describe the characteristics of the subject. In writing paragraph, vocabulary is needed by the students to describe something clearly. It can help them to write word by word to be phrases and then phrases by phrases to be sentence and so on until a paragraph. Without having enough vocabulary, they could not build a paragraph.

The fourth reason, the students could not writing a good paragraph. The students difficulties in developing the sentence because they had not good foundation in grammar. Many students had not capabilities in grammar. They also got difficulties in using English grammar especially in writing paragraph. Most of students assumed that English in written is the most the difficult subject. Because they must have knowledge about English grammar. It make the students afraid to make many mistakes when they write their ideas. By mastering grammar they will understand the rules that should used in paragraph.

The last reason, the students confused in comprehend about the types of cohesive devices. Cohesive devices is difficult to understand by students. Many types of cohesive devices. Its made the students confused to differrences and understanding about the types. There was a types have a same meaning with the other types. Students also confused to differences about pronoun. Cohesive devices have two class that are grammatical cohesion and lexical cohesion who made the readers difficult to understand.

From the explanation above, it can be concluded that writing is very important skill in English subject. The process of writing paragraph would become as serious problem for the students. They have difficulties in understanding about cohesive devices in writing. They still had low vocabulary and they also got difficulties in using English grammar. They confused about the types of cohesive devices and difficult to understanding. Writing  paragraph by using cohesive devices is not be mastered by the readers. That is why the writer is interested in this problem because the writer want to know the students’ achievement about the types of cohesive devices. Therefore, the writer choose the ttitle“ An analysis of cohesin  in comic Diary of a Wimpy Kid The Ugly Truth” By Jeef Kinney’s.

B. The Identification of the problem

The problems of the research were identified as follows:

1.      The students had lack of knowledge about cohesive devices in writing.

2.      The students got some difficulties in developing ideas in sentences.

3.      The students were lack of vocabulary, and were not able to arrange the sentence well.

4.      The students could not write a good paragraph especially in writing lexical and gramatical cohesive.

5.      The students do not pay attention to the importance of cohesion and coherence in writing.

C.  The Scope and Limitation of the Study

The scope of this study was cohesive devices and the limitation of the study was focused on grammatical cohesion.

D. The Formulation of the Study

The problems of the study were formulated as the following:

1.      What types of grammatical cohesion were used in Diary of a wimpy kid the ugly truth.

2.      What type of grammatical cohesion was dominantly used in Diary of a wimpy kid the ugly truth.

E. The Objective of the Study

1.      To find out the types of grammatical cohesion used in Diary of a Wimpy Kid The Ugly Truth.

2.      To derive  the dominant  type of grammatical cohesion used  in  Diary of a Wimpy Kid The Ugly Truth.

F. The Significant of the Study

The result of this study was expected to be useful theoretically and practically significances.

1.      Theoritically

In general, the results of this study are the importance of theoritically expected to contribute towards learning English, especially using cohesive a good writing

2.      Practically, the result of this research can be useful for :

a.       Students to improve students’ English learning achievement in writing skill especially writing  paragraph by using cohesive devices and they can more enjoyable in learning English

b.      Teachers to enchance and improve learning in the classroom.

c.       School to contribute to the school how to improve the students’ learning achievement especially in English.

d.      The headmaster to increase the students’ competence in writing  skill especially paragraph by using cohesive devices.

e.       The writer to be one reference to conduct the same study and to be an actual experience in the teaching learning process.

f.       The writer to useful for them in getting information about cohesive devices in written form or as references about writing descriptive paragraph by using cohesive devices.




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