Graves and Graves (2003: 6-12) defines the stage of reading comprehension in three stage there are Pre_reading, while reading and post reading:

1)      Pre-reading

Prereading activities prepare students to read an upcoming selection. They can serve a number of functions, including getting students interested in reading the selection, reminding students of things they already know that will help them understand and enjoy the selection, and preteaching aspects of the selection that may be difficult. Prereading activities are particularly important because with adequate preparation the experience of reading will be enjoyable, rewarding, and successful.

2)      During reading

During-reading activities include both things that students themselves do as they are reading and things that you do to assist them as they are reading. Like prereading activities, during-reading activities are frequently recommended

3)      Post reading

Postreading activities serve a variety of purposes. They provide opportunities for students to synthesize and organize information gleaned from the text so that they can understand and recall important points. They provide opportunities for students to evaluate an author's message, his or her stance in presenting the message, and the quality of the text itself. They provide opportunities for you and your students to evaluate their understanding of the text. And they provide opportunities for students to respond to a text in a variety of ways—to reflect on the meaning of the text, to compare differing texts and ideas, to imagine themselves as one of the characters in the text, to synthesize information from different sources, to engage in a variety of creative activities, and to apply what they have learned within the classroom walls and in the world beyond the classroom.


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