Concept of Recount Text

 Concept of Recount Text

Based on Derewianka and Jones (2016: 124) says the recount: a text with the purpose of telling what happened, All recount texts have in common the fact that they tell of a series of events in the past that are chronologically sequenced. They differ, however, in terms of their register: the subject matter (field), the intended audience (tenor), and whether they are more spoken or written (mode)

In addition Crown defines Recounts are sometimes referred to as ‘accounts’. They are the most common text type we encounter as readers and listeners, not least because they are the basic form of many storytelling texts. Stories and anecdotes can have a range of purposes, frequently depending on the genre being used, and they often set out to achieve a deliberate effect on the reader/listener. In non-fiction texts they are used to provide an account of events. Recounts can be combined with other text types, for example, newspaper reports of an event often consist of a recount that includes elements of explanation (Crown 2013: 23).

According to Shopiah and Anggraeni (2018: 202) defines recount text in five types there are:

a.       Personal recount is a recount that retelling of an activity that writer or speaker has been personally involved in (e.g. oral anecdote, diary entry). Language features of personal recount are: Use first pronoun (I and we), personal response to the events can be included, particularly at the end and details are often chosen to add interest or humor.

b.      Factual recount is a recount that recording the particulars of an accident, e.g. report of a science experiment, police report, news report, and historical recount). Language features of factual recount are: Use the third person pronouns (he, she, it, and they), details are usually selected to help the reader reconstruct the activity or incident accurately and sometimes the ending describes the outcome of the activity Mention of personal feelings in probably not appropriate, details of time, place, and manner may be needed to be precisely stated and descriptive details may also be required to provide precise information the passive voice may be used It may be appropriate to include explanations and satisfactions.

c.       Imaginative or literary recounts entertains the reader by recreating imaginary world events as if they were real, motion language, specific detail and first person narration are used to impact and appeal the writing.

d.      A procedural recount records the steps taken in completing a task or procedure. The use of technical terms, accurate timelines and first person narration (I or we), give credibility to the information provided. Examples include a flow chart of the actions required for making bread, a storyboard, a videotaped script, or advertisement, the steps taken to solve mathematical problem.

e.       A biographical recount tells the story of person’s life using a third person narrator (he, she, and they). In this case, of an autobiography, first person narration (I, we) is used. It is usually informative and factual biographies, however, will not have the appeal provided by personal responses and unforgettable anecdotes. There is often evaluation of the subject’s achievements in the final section




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