This chapter, the researcher presents background of the research, research question, objective of the research, significance of the research and scope of the research

A.    Background of the Problem.

Corona virus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) has spread very fast and to almost all countries, so the World Health Organization (WHO) declared this outbreak a global pandemic in March 2020 (BBC, 2020). All life sectors are affected. To break the chain of the spread of Covid-19, several institutions have implemented a new policy, namely working from home so that there are no services at the office. Even if there are services in the office, the number of employees and visiting is limited, and health protocols are strictly implemented.

Based on Kundu and Bej (2020: 1) Corona Virus Starting from China, the deadly COVID-19 pandemic, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, has already taken up the whole world into its capture compelling the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare it as a pandemic disaster on March 11 2020 (WHO, 2020) and almost the whole world has put under the house arrest. As of April 18 2020, approximately 1.725 billion learners have been affected due to school closures in response to the pandemic according to United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) monitoring 192 countries have implemented nationwide closures and 5 have implemented local closures, impacting about 99.9% of the world’s student population (UNESCO, 2020).

With COVID-19, the world has been facing a new existential enemy and the nations contentiously must again summon its educational, moral and scientific might to fight it back because it has brought a time of social distancing, not mental. Thus, the issue at hand is not associated with limitation in educational institutions but a situation demanding for an emergency remote teaching-learning because social gatherings including educational institutions are seen as a threat to promote COVID-19 pandemic and have been locked down.

As state from Pokhrel and Chhetri (2021: 134) There is a fear of losing 2020 academic year or even more in the coming future. The need of the hour is to innovate and implement alternative educational system and assessment strategies. The COVID-19 pandemic has provided us with an opportunity to pave the way for introducing digital learning. This article aims to provide a comprehensive report on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on online teaching and learning of various papers and indicate the way forward.

Efriana (2021: 39) point out Learning from home is implemented with a distance learning system in face locked down in pandemic. Distance learning is an education system in which learners are separated from the educator and the learning process uses various resources through Information and Communication Technology (ICT). In the implementation, the distance learning system is applied through an online learning approach. In the Covid-19 pandemic condition, this learning method can be a solution so that the teaching and learning process can continue.

Online learning is a part of distance education that specifically combines electronic technology and internet-based technology or ICT in learning. Online learning is a program for organizing online learning classes to reach a broad and massive group of students. Online learning refers to the use of internet-based technology features, which are highly dependent on the availability of information technology.

Therefore, this study focused primarily on the readiness as a challenges that students are expected to face in online learning in this COVID-19 era and the researcher formulated this research under the title “The Students Readiness in Facing Online Class after Pandemic Covid 19”

B.     Research Question

Based on the background of study, the researcher formulates some statements of the problems as follows:

1.      How are the students’ readinesses of distance learning during the COVID-19 pandemic?

2.      How are the students’ readinesses of distance learning in online class during the COVID-19 pandemic?

C.    Objective of the Research

Dealing with the statement of the problems above, the researcher intends to achieve some objectives through the study as follows:

1.      To identify the students’ readinesses of distance learning during the COVID-19 pandemic

2.      To identify the students’ readinesses of distance learning in online class during the COVID-19 pandemic

D.    Significance of the Research

This research is directed to present theoretical and practical significance.

1.      Theoretical Benefits

This research is expected to be able to study the readinesses of students online class on distance learning. Especially during COVID-19 pandemic situation.

2.      Practical Benefits

a.       For lecturer

This research not only contains the students’ readinesses, but also the online class in distance learning methods during the COVID-19 pandemic in conveying teaching and learning process. Therefore, lecturers can use data to be used in the conveying teaching and learning process.

b.      For teachers

This research provides theories, examples, and data related to the students’ readines in teaching and learning. The teachers can use this research as reference material to complete the learning material happening.

c.       For researcher

This research can provide guidelines for the next researchers to develop the use of learning online class when there are obstacles in the teaching and learning process.

E.     Scope of the Research

This research focuses on the students readinesses of distance learning and online class during the COVID-19. The researcher limits the data of the study about students’ readinesses. The researcher only analyzes the students’ readinesses of distance learning during the COVID-19 pandemic.


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