This chapter is divided into six sub sections. They are background of the study, reason for choosing the study, research question, purpose of the expected result of the study, significant of the study, limitation of the problem, and outline of the final project. 
1.1.  Background of the study
Teaching is not an easy job but it is a necessary one and can be very rewarding when we see our students’ progress and know that we have helped to make it happen. It is true that some lessons can be difficult and students feel stressful at times but it is also worth remembering that the best teaching can also be extremely enjoyable. 
Based on the concept and function of English as stated in the 2006 Competence-Based Curriculum which has similar principle with Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan (KTSP) for  SMP/MTS, the teaching-learning of English has the purpose to develop four language skills;  listening, speaking, reading and writing. The other English  language components; vocabulary, structure and pronunciation (in speech) or spelling (in writing) are also important to be taught to support the development of four language skills. It means that English teacher should teach the four aspects. It is not only reading or speaking but also listening and writing so the students can master all these skills. 
English teacher should provide materials that are appropriate with the curriculum and find suitable methods in  teaching and learning process to make students understand our lessons. KTSP is the recent curriculum in Indonesia. A curriculum has to prepare students to achieve the competence. It also prepares the student to communicate using language  society.
One of the new approaches methods introduced by the government is  by using media as stated by Keidler \(1965:1) that media can be useful to the language teachers. In addition, Brown et al (1977:2-3) say that medium is the tools or physical \things used by the teacher to facilitate the instruction. Supporting Brown’s idea, Gerlach and Ely (1980:216) say that a medium, broadly conceived, in any person, material, or event that establishes condition, which enable the learner to acquire knowledge, skills and attitude. In this sense, the teacher, the textbook, and the school environment are media. Every medium is a means to an end or to a goal. It means that the teacher have to consider the characteristic of media which will be given to the students. 
Writing skill is more complex and difficult skill to be taught because it is not only requiring mastery on grammatical and rhetorical devices but also on conceptual and judgment devices (heaton, 1975:138). In writing process, the students are expected to write their written grammatically, express their idea, and make the conclusion as the steps to develop rhetorical devices in the written form. It is clear that the way we organize our students writing and the way we offer advice and correction will be different .It is depending on what kind of writing they are involved in.  
A text that is any meaningful stretch of language (Derewiangka, 1990:17) in the written form belongs to the written  product that is produced grammatically. The students have to choose the words that are used and how to put the words to communicate meaning. There are two main categories of text, namely????????????????????????????????????????????????


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