Community Language Learning Method (CLLM) IN Speaking Ability


            This chapter presents the discussion on the background of the study, statement of the problems, objective of the study, scope and limitation of the study, significance of the study, assumption of the study, hypothesis of the study, and definition of key terms.
1.1  Background of the Problem
            There are many languages used as a means of communication by people all over the world. One of them is English, which has a role as an international language. It is known as the first foreign language taught in Indonesia. It is started from Elementary School up to University, because it is important for developing the science.
            Many students in Indonesia do not like English. They get difficulties, boredom and confusing in learning it, because it is not their mother tongue. English teacher should be able to motivate the learners in learning this foreign language. Harmer (1993: 3) states motivation means a kind of drive that encourages somebody to pursue a course action. It should be done by every English teacher in order that the students are interested to learn this language. English teacher must be able to manage the teaching by using certain method in the teaching-learning process, so that the students will like it without boring and despair.
            Community Language Learning Method (CLLM) as one kind of method in language learning, “where the learners become members of a community – their fellow learners and the teacher to learn through interaction with members of the community. Learning is not viewed as an individual accomplishment but as something that is achieved collaboratively. Learners are expected to listen attentively to the knower, to feely provide meanings they wish to express, to repeat target utterance without hesitation, to support fellow members of the community, to report deep inner feelings and frustrations as well as joy and pleasure, and to become counselors to other learners” ( Curan in Richard, at. all, 1986: 120)
            In learning English there are four skills which are necessary to be mastered by the learners. Those skills are listening, speaking, reading and writing. Referring to the title, the writer limits the explanation to the speaking only. Speaking skill is very important skill that must be mastered by every language learners, because one is called mastering a language when he/she is able to demonstrate the speaking skill. In order to master this skill, a teacher as an educator have to use good method in teaching learning process. In this case, the researcher concerns with the effectiveness of CLLM toward students’ speaking ability an experimental for eight grade students of SMP Darul Hikmah because so far CLLM has not been practiced in the field by most English teachers.
1.2  Statement of Problem
            Based on the background of the study, the research problem can be formulated as follows:
  1. To what extent is the achievement of the speaking ability an experimental for the eight grade students of SMP Darul Hikmahn Mataram  in  academic years 2011/2012?
To what extent is the effect of CLLM towards students’ speaking ability an experimental..................................................................................


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