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Improving the Students’ Reading Comprehension through Neurological Impress Method (N.I.M) (A Classroom Action Research at the Second Grade Students of SMA)



Improving the Students’ Reading Comprehension through Neurological Impress Method (N.I.M) (A Classroom Action Research at the Second Grade Students of SMA)
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
A.   Background
English is one of the subjects in Indonesia’s curriculum for elementary until university level and also become a subject which is examined in National Examinations. Law of National Education Standard (2005) stated: In the level of Senior High School (SMA) or other forms in the same level, National Examination includes subjects of Indonesia Language, English, Mathematics, and the subjects which are become the characteristics of Education Program.
Besides as a compulsory subject, English is also a need in this globalization era. The goals of teaching English in Indonesia are mainly to enable the students to use English for communication and to read books and references written in English. The students are expected to have skills of the English language such as
reading, writing, listening, speaking, and other elements of language that must be taught to the students through the chosen themes.
Among the four skills above, reading get greater attention than three others, because reading is one of the important skills. Reading can be defined as an active cognitive process of interacting with the print and monitoring comprehension to establish meaning and through reading we can get much knowledge, study new words, comprehend ideas, study the word are used, how to implement the grammatical rules, and gain the information from their reading material if they are able to derive meaning from what they read. By reading people can explore the world, find and improve new concept, enhance experience, find problem solving, and to up-date the changes in the world.
In syllabus of KTSP of Senior High School (2010) at the second grade, states that curriculum of education expect the students to be able to understand reading texts. In this case is especially for hortatory exposition through reading based on the context of the text. Constructing their ideas and automatically expressing their ideas into speaking and writing which are appropriate with environment where they are. It affirms that one of the basic competences that should be mastered by the students is reading comprehension. It proves that reading comprehension is very important in learning English.
As the explanation above, the researcher will use Neurological Impress Method (N.I.M) to improve the students reading ability especially in reading comprehension. It  can help the students to express their ideas and can be able to comprehend the text or  material they read. It will be held at the second year students of SMA Wahyu Makassar. In that school the students still lack of ability to express their own ideas through reading. It is proved from their successful minimal criteria (KKM) are 7.0 while the students just got 6.0, which the researcher has taught in P2K (Teaching Practice) for two months. It means very low. Such problems are found by the researcher through observation and teaching-learning process in diagnostic test.
The ultimate goals of reading are that learners should be able to read hortatory exposition material with comprehension. Reading along with a more fluent reader is thought of as an impress in of word memories on the natural process  (Heckelman in Imran, 2010). Based on the background above, the researcher would like to carry out a research under the title “Improving the Students’ Reading Comprehension through Neurological Impress Method (NIM) at the second grade Students of SMA


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