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THE IMPROVEMENT OF LISTENING SKILL THROUGH CALL (COMPUTER-ASSISTED LANGUAGE LEARNING) METHOD

A. Background of The Study
English language is an international languages, it is used to communicate among people in the different country. Because English language include to several language lessons in Indonesia, It becomes very important in education aspect. There are several functions of foreign language such as (1) international communication and study of language, (2) language as a system of communication, (3) the most complex of man’s tool, (4) each language is structurally different system.
For Indonesian students, English is a foreign language. It is an important subject taught at every level of education. To provide the students with English learning as whole, the teacher has to present all language skills, those are identified as listening, speaking, reading and writing. All of the language skills must be presented to achieve the whole understanding of English.
Listening is one of the four language skills. Listening can be defined as “…ability to understand and interpret spoken English ”. Listening is the skill which is important than other skills. David Argues that before coming to another skills, listening and speaking are natural skills. That everyone is able to achieve. And the other statement said that listening as a major component in language learning and teaching first. From those statement, we know that listening skill is must be learned before another skills.
Further, students must be received listening skill well to help them defined English language and understood who’s speaker said. Especially, in their English subject. Like this statement, “Good listeners are good catchers because they give their speakers a target and then move that target to capture the information that is being sent”.
In the reality, most of the students were not actively listening and it occurred too in the SMAN 1 Babadan. According to the observation (preliminary) and interview with Eng;ish teacher by researcher before doing the Classroom Action Research the students were not interested to listen because they rarely taught listening in the class and they needed interesting methods. Consequently, Students would find the difficulty in their English, moreover in their final examination. As the result, they must study hard in listening skill .
For this case, teacher must provide the students with teach listening skill and appropriate teaching methods. A teaching method is a prescribed set of ways applied to convey knowledge and competence to the students. Therefore, applying appropriate teaching methods plays an important role in the teaching learning process, including in teaching of listening.
Related to the problem above, the researcher is interested in applying CALL (Computer-Assisted Language Learning) method. The method recommended on this argues, “In CALL programs, listening is combined with seeing, just like in the real world. Students also control the pace and the path of the interaction. Interaction is in the foreground but many CALL programs also provide links to explanations simultaneously. And it explained in other argues that theoretical basis for CALL instruction design computers have become so widespread in schools and homes and their uses have expanded so dramatically that the majority of language teachers now think about the implications. Technology can bring about changes in the teaching methodologies of foreign language beyond simply automating full in the gap exercises. Thus, CALL is a method applied in elaboration strategy. It is suitably applied in the teaching of listening. It is very useful for students to remember what they learned, because not only listening but also seeing the materials subject.
Beside statement above, CALL defined was an approach to language teaching and learning in which computer technology is used as an aid to the presentation, reinforcement and assessment of material to be learned, usually including a substantial interactive element. As a result, computer-assisted instruction appears to be moderately more effective than conventional methods.
Since CALL method is more effective in helping the students to comprehend materials, especially in language learning; and many advantages we will get it. So, it’s necessary to observe CALL method in teaching listening. The title of study taken is The Improvement of Listening Skill Through CALL (Computer-Assisted Language Learning) Method at The Tenth Grade Students of SMA Negeri 1 Babadan in The Academic Year of 2009/2010


B. Statement of The Problems
In this research the researcher taken the statement of the problems is:
1. How is the implementation of CALL (Computer-Assisted Language Learning) method in improving listening skill at the Tenth Grade Students of SMA Negeri 1 Babadan in the academic year of 2009/2010?
2. Is the implementation CALL (Computer-Assisted Language Learning) method able to increase listening skill in teaching English language at the Tenth Grade Students of SMA Negeri 1 Babadan in the academic year of 2009/2010?


C. Hypothesis
Hypothesis in this study can be stated based on background of the study and statement of the problems. The hypotheses are as follows:
1. Nol Hypothesis
There isn’t any increasing of the listening skill using CALL (Computer-Asisted Language Learning) method at the Tenth Grade Students of SMAN1 Babadan
2. Alternative Hypothesis
There is any increasing of the listening skill using CALL (Computer-Asisted Language Learning) method at the Tenth Grade Students of SMAN1 Babadan


D. Objectives of The Study
Regarding of the problem statement, this study objectives as follows:
1. To describe the implementation of CALL (Computer-Assisted Language Learning) method to improve listening skill in teaching English language at tenth grade students of SMA Negeri 1 Babadan In The Schooling Year of 2009/2010
2. To find of increasing listening skill in English Language using CALL (Computer-Assisted Language Learning)


E. Significance of The Study
The significance of the study are;
1. For the teachers
a. It helps the teacher to find the better way to teach English. Especially, to improve listening skill of students;
b. It can be given to the teacher as variation in teaching English language;
c. To give an alternative to solve the problems of learning listening;
d. To make the classroom activity to be happy and enjoy.
2. For the students
a. It’s able used as preference to increase students interest in learning listening with enjoyable;
b. It can be used to broaden and develop their knowledge;
c. They could get motivate in learning English, especially to listening English.
3. School
a. It will increase the knowledge repertoire in the school;
b. It helps implementation curriculum of education quickly.

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