Existing Typologies of Internet Applications in Education

Existing Typologies of Internet Applications in Education
According to Khannanov (2003: 14) the application of the Internet in education is understood as the usage of Internet technologies to solve various educational tasks, namely, teaching, learning and management of the educational process. The systematic analysis of experiences in using the Internet in education implies that the types of such application provide an opportunity for comparisons and generalizations that can be preliminarily identified and defined. Depending on a chosen typology, the analysis will cover different aspects of the experience.
Various typologies of Application of the Internet in Education have been proposed the literature recently. At the same time, due to the accumulated experience in the use of the telecommunication technologies in education, one should note two main approaches in selection of the grounds for segmentation of this project-domain. 
The technology-oriented approach is most widespread. For example, the statistical study on the use of the electronic communication in open learning and distance education, conducted by UNESCO in 1995, has used the following matrix based on  the types of the applied telecommunication media to collect information on interactive technologies in educational programmes: telephone, fax, audio-conference, video-conference, electronic mail,and access to databases.


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