“The Effect of Picture on the Eight Grade Students’ Vocabulary Mastery”.

“The Effect of Picture on the Eight Grade Students’ Vocabulary Mastery”.
A.    Background
Teaching English in our country has been developed extensively because English is an international language in the world. Therefore, Indonesian government has brought it as a local since at the elementary school. In teaching English vocabulary as an element or language is considered as the most important factor in increasing the mastered if the students are still lacking of vocabulary. Vocabulary is a part of language
learning that need continuing growth and development by both native and non native speakers long after grammar and pronunciation elementary school until senior high Scholl. In language teaching preparation program in our country, more and attention being given to improve some technique for teaching vocabulary.
Learning vocabulary as a foreign language seems easy but some students feel fear. The teacher of English should find out solution by crating efficient and effective technique of teaching in teaching English
vocabulary, besides that, the teachers should establish condition which makes teaching vocabulary possible. The learning will occur within reasonable period of time. Vocabulary is when we speak and write; the term expressive vocabulary is used to refer to both since these are the vocabularies we use to express ourselves. We “understand” vocabulary when we listen to speech and when we read (Pikulski & Templeton 2004: 1).

Stahl (2005: 1) stated, “Vocabulary knowledge is knowledge; the knowledge of a word not only implies a definition,but also implies how that word fits into the world.” Consequently, researchers and practitioners alike seek to identify, clarify, and understand what it means for students “to know what a word means.
Realizing how important the vocabulary and how difficult students to build up the teachers of English have provided students with rich exciting exercise which are expected to help vocabulary mush be very helpful to improve the students’ ability in English communication. vocabulary is very important in a language, when we learn a language like English; we learn the words of language. Students must continue to learn words as they learn structure as they practice the target language. The vocabulary is needed very to master the four skills in English.
In fact, students’ mastery of English vocabulary is still lack. The students are also difficult to deliver their ideas because of their limitation of vocabulary. On the other hand, some students don’t have self-confidence speaking using that vocabulary. As consequence, students will be difficult to communicate to each other or share their opinion. So that, they should always improve their of vocabulary. Vocabulary not easy thing to do, we must be optimistic that can. Teacher has to make an effort to build their students’ vocabulary since students will have more opportunity to identify the words during the teaching and learning process.
In facilitating the students in learning vocabulary, English teachers should also provide materials that are appropriate with the curriculum and find suitable methods in teaching and learning process. Thus, media are to solve those problems. Media are important in teaching and learning English since they help both of the teacher and the students.
To help students understand the learning task or learning material is using picture. It has been generally accepted that  pictures,  especially  colorful  ones,  are  quite  helpful  teaching  aids  in introducing new vocabulary to students because generally, people would keep in their mind for a long period of time something that they have learned or experienced which is interesting to them.
Zarei & Salimi (2012: 45) Picture is an easy way for simultaneous attention to the  building  blocks  of  second  language learning.  Using  picture  for  presenting  new vocabulary has been a fundamental principle in  many  methods and the using of picture  activities  form  a  mental link  at  the  early  stages  of  second  language learning,  especially  if  it  is  created  by  the students  themselves
They are assumed as the gate between the teacher and learners in transferring the materials being taught more easily during teaching learning process. To prove the use of picture is effective for the vocabulary increase of the learners, the writer is interested in doing observation to introduce under the title: “The Effect of Picture on the Eight Grade Students’ Vocabulary Mastery”.

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