The Function of Motivation

The Function of Motivation
Language learning cannot be separated from the socio economic milieu  of  which  students. are  a  part.  It  influences students’ motivation towards  their  learning  in  second  or  foreign language  contexts.  In  terms  of  English language,  the  motivation  issue  has  been discussed  by  scholars  in  second/foreign language  contexts.
Based on Anjomshoa  and Sadighi (2015: 130) motivation is an issue worthy of investigation because it seems implicated in how successful language learners are. And motivation is the answer that researchers and teachers provide when regarding to efficient language learning. For decades, studies in this area have been principally concerned with describing, measuring and classifying it is role in theoretical models of the language learning process. Without sufficient motivation, even individuals with the most remarkable abilities cannot accomplish long term goals, and neither are appropriate curricula and good teaching enough on their own to ensure students achievement.
Fontecha (2014: 24) the relationship between motivation and foreign language learning has been extensively investigated. Motivation towards language learning is the desire to achieve a language by means of effort, want or desire, and also affect or attitude. They refer to orientations, understood as the ultimate goals or reasons behind learning a foreign language. Two types of orientations are found: integrative orientation or learners’ willingness to learn the language so as to become part of the target language community, and instrumental orientation, i.e. learners’ desire to command the foreign language for external reasons. Later models of motivation have postulated other constructs


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