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The Correlation Between Student’s Negative Reinforcement and Speaking Ability of the Fourth Grade Students


The Correlation Between Student’s Negative Reinforcement and Speaking Ability of the Fourth Grade Students
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
This  chapter  presents  introduction  concerning  background  of  the  study, formulation of research problem, purpose of study, significant of the study, scope and limitation, formulation of hypothesis, and definition of key terms.
A.    Background of the Study
Language  is  a  system  of  communication,  and  it  is  the  most  useful  for people  in  life.  Without language people cannot interact and  communicate  with other. Language not only can be expressed orally but also written. With language we can talk, we can express our idea, our emotion, our feeling and etc. According to  Slobin  (1939:114)  stated  that  “human  culture,  social  behavior,  and  thinking could not exist as we know them in the absence of language.
Although no one would deny the central role of language in human life, to define the nature of that role  has  been  a  persistent  and  difficult  problem  since  the  beginnings  of philosophy.  Although  language  pervades  mental  life,  it  does  not  constitute  the whole  of  psychological  state  and  processes.  There  are  images  and  emotion, intentions  and  abstractions,  memories  of  sounds  and  smells  and  feelings,  and much more”. In other hands, by language we can communicate not only with a people  but  also  animal,  because  almost  animals  have  some  kinds  of communication’s system. For instance, some of bees confess a location and honey to  the  nest’s  inhabitant  by  dancing.  Besides,  some  of  the  higher  animals  have??????



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