Definition of reading


Chapter II
Definition of reading
Zare (2013: 1667) Reading is a cognitive activity in It is believed that, strategic awareness and which the reader takes part in a conversation with the monitoring of the comprehension process are significantly author through the text.
Karim & Haq (2014: 473) Reading is a combination of two sub-skills micro-skills and macro-skills. Micro-skills involve processing letters, words, orthographic patterns, recognizing word classes like nouns, verbs etc. and understanding systems like tense and syntactic structures.  On  the  other  hand  macro-skills  are  mainly  concerned  with  the  comprehension  of  semantic  and pragmatic knowledge.
Based on Perfetti (2001: 280) Reading is a processes depend on the language of the reader and the writing system that encodes that language. The units of the writing system are converted into mental representations that include the units of the language system. Specifically important are the identification of words and the engagement of language and general cognitive mechanisms that assemble these words into messages. It is visual word identification that is the process most distinctive to reading. Beginning with a visual input a string of letters perceptual processes produce the activation of the grapheme units (individual and multiple letters) that constitute words.
In addition Cline, F., Johnstone, C., & King, T. (2006) defines reading as a decoding and understanding text for particular reader purposes. Readers decode written text by translating text to speech, and translating directly to meaning. To understand written text, readers engage in constructive processes to make text meaningful, which is the end goal or product.

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