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Definition of Speaking

Definition of Speaking
Based on Šolcová (2011: 17) speaking as an interactive process in which individuals alternate in their roles as speakers and listeners and employ both verbal and non-verbal means to reach their communicative goals, speaking in a similar way saying that speaking is the process of building and sharing meaning through the use of verbal and non-verbal symbols, in a variety of contexts.
Speaking is an interactive process of constructing meaning that involves producing and receiving which  speaking  is  also  a  multi-sensory  activity  because  it  involves  paralinguistic  features  such  as  eye-contact,  facial  expressions,  body language, tempo, pauses, voice quality changes, and pitch variation affect  conversational  flow.  It seems  that  culture  is  integral  in  how speaking  is  constructed  which  has  implications  for  how  speaking  is taught and learned.
Thus, the researcher concludes that speaking ability is ability or skill to convey our ideas, opinions or message orally. Speaking ability uses in everyday, it is the only one way when we want to communicate to each other orally. Some people think that speaking ability in foreign language is difficult because the target language is different with mother language. In order to have a good ability in speaking we must always practice it.


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