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Assessing of Reading


Assessing of Reading
Assessing reading actually is not an easy thing to do. Teacher should consider some components in assessing reading like the purpose and benefits in assessing reading, types of reading, strategies for reading and designing assessment tasks. By applying the appropriate technique in assessing reading, the test-taker can get fair result score. Besides, teachers are able to measure the success of the teaching process and the result of teaching itself.
Gómez, Devís, and Sanjosé (2012: 53) the level of success in the construction of the text macro-structure can be assessed in several ways. First, the subjects’ ability to grasp the main ideas of a given text can be measured by means of summary elaboration. Summaries have quite often been used as assessing instruments as well as instructional tasks. Second, global coherence can be assessed by means of “error detection tasks”. These tasks consist in embedding errors in important ideas to make them inconsistent or incoherent and asking readers to assess the comprehensibility of the resulting text
Spiller & Ferguson (2011: 16) set students regular reading exercises as part of their assessment and link them to ongoing class content. A percentage should be given for the completion of these exercises to encourage students to take them seriously but the main focus should be on formative feedback to simultaneously promote better understanding of content and enhance reading competencies. In order to cultivate useful habits of reading and appropriate question-asking, give some focus questions for students to use with the readings. These can invite them to perform different reading tasks such as finding the central argument, locating and defining core conceptual terms, finding a number of supporting points and identifying the corresponding evidence or illustrations.
Based on all components above, the writer can conclude that reading increases knowledge and information in the text. There are many parts of processes and types of  reading  because  reading  is  so  complex  and  reader  can  easily  understand  the  text. Besides,  reading  is  source information  to  make  reader  know all of  the  things  in the text. Finally, the fifth purpose of assessment is to provide teachers with information on how instruction can be improved. By giving good instruction, teachers are able to develop students’ reading performance.

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