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THE EFFECT OF APPLYING CORE (CONNECTING, ORGANIZING, REFLECTING, EXTENDING) TECHNIQUE ON THE STUDENTS’ WRITING ABILITY IN NARRATIVE TEXT

 THE EFFECT OF APPLYING CORE (CONNECTING, ORGANIZING, REFLECTING, EXTENDING) TECHNIQUE ON THE STUDENTS’ WRITING ABILITY IN NARRATIVE TEXT

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

A. The Background of Study

Writing is an activity in communication, because by writing, the writer can express their opinions, ideas, and feeling into writing form. In education, writing is a subject which requires students with knowledge in order to deliver and organize ideas orderly where the students should know the strategies how to do it. Therefore, the students need to learn and practice some strategies in writing. (Graham, 2007: 32)

In writing, students are demanded to deliver idea orderly by relating one idea into another whether in a form of paragraph, passage or essay (Heaton, 2006: 47. The first thing that all its should do is; find the topic which is stated in topic sentence and than collect some supporting details which are related to the topic. Topic is what the writer talks about and topic sentence is the most general statement of the paragraph. To make topic sentences, the writer has to express his or her ideas in other to produce a good paragraph. The writers also need to support the ideas, so that the writer makes supporting sentences to support the ideas, the writer develops the topic sentence by giving specific details about the topic. The purpose of arranging the ideas orderly is to help the reader understood the writing. However it is not easy especially for the students.

Students of SMA have some problems in delivering their ideas because they are not sure about grammar, vocabulary, and syntax that was use in order to makes their writing good. They cannot speak English well and lack of vocabularies. However, they need teacher’s guidance during the learning process. The teacher’s guidance is needed to find the topic and how to produce a good writing, because in teaching-learning process, teacher is as source of information, as informant, teacher should give explanation to the students clearly.

One way to increase their writing ability is CORE. CORE is an acronym of Connecting, Organizing, Reflecting, Extending. The CORE learning model invites students to think deeply. According to Jacob (Yuniarti Santi: 2013), CORE model is one of the learning models based on constructivism. In other words CORE model is a learning model that can be used to enable learners in building their own knowledge.

Based on the reason above, the researcher tented to choose the title “The Effect of Applying CORE (Connecting, Organizing, Reflecting, Extending) Technique on the Students' Writing Ability in Narrative Text”.

B. The Identification of Problems

The problems of this reseach can be identified as follows:

1.      The effect of using CORE (Connecting, Organizing, Reflecting, Extending) on the students’ writing ability in narrative text.

C. The Scope and Limitation

The scope in this research focused on the application of CORE (Connecting, Organizing, Reflecting, Extending). The limitation in this research is the students’ writing ability in narrative text.

D. The Formulation of the Problems

The problems of this study are formulated as follows:

1.      Is there any effect of using CORE (Connecting, Organizing, Reflecting, Extending) on the students’ writing ability in narrative text?

E. The Objective of the Study

The objectives of the study are formulated as follows:

1.      To find out the effect of using CORE (Connecting, Organizing, Reflecting, Extending) to the students’ writing ability in narrative text.

F. The Significance of the Study

The writer hopes that this research gives some benefits for teaching learning English both in theoretically and practically benefit.

1.      Theoretically

Related to this research, the writer hopes that this research can be used as reference (Harmer, 1998) for other researcher who wants to conduct research about writing.

2.      Practically

The writer expects that the results of the study would be useful for:

a.       Teachers, to provide the English teachers a plan and to conduct a better and interesting learning process, used as an alternative method.

b.      Students, who want to know how to understand writing through CORE (Connecting, Organizing, Reflecting, Extending) to improve their writing ability in narrative text.

c.       The results of this study hopefully will provide information for those who are interested in this study.

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