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Definition of Variable

 Definition of Variable

Arikunto (2010:161) says that “Variable is research, or the focus of the research”. A variable is a concept that stands for variation within a class of objects. Variables can be classified in several ways. The most important classification is on the basis of their use within the research under the consideration, when they are classified as independent variables or dependent variables (Ary et al, 2006:37). Independent variable is an attribute or characteristics that influences or affects an outcome (Creswell, 2008:127). The independent variable in this research is learning strategy using missing lyric technique to. While, dependent variable is an attribute or characteristics that is dependent on, or influenced by the independent variable (Creswell 2008:127)


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