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Definition of Communicative Activities

Definition of Communicative Activities

Based on Iamsaard  & Sakon (2015: 71) Communicative activities based on the social interaction. Moreover the classified the communicative elements as grammatical competence, social linguistic competence, discourse competence, and strategic competence. In addition, communicative language teaching will be successful depends on many factors such as learner’s role, teacher’s role, instructional material role and instructional activities.

Scarino & Liddicoat (2009: 38) Communicative Language Teaching has also focused on the idea that classroom interactions should be ‘natural’, by which it is assumed that they will resemble conversations in a number of ways: unequal participation, the negotiation of meaning, topic nomination and negotiation by more than one speaker, and the right of interlocutors to decide whether to contribute to an interaction or not.

In addition nunan in Wilson (2006) Communicative activities has lists in five basic characteristics of CLT:

1)      An emphasis on learning to communicate through interaction in the target language. 

2)      The introduction of authentic texts into the learning situation.

3)      The provision of opportunities for learners to focus, not only on the language but also on the learning   process itself.

4)      An enhancement of the learner's own personal experiences as important contributing elements to classroom learning.

5)      An attempt to link classroom language learning with language activation outside the classroom.

These  five  features  are  claimed  by  practitioners  of  Communicative Language  Teaching  to  show  that  they  are  very  interested  in  the  needs  and desires  of  their  learners,  as  well  as  the  connection  between  the  language as  it  is  taught  in  their  class  and  as  it  used  outside  the  classroom.  Under this broad definition, any teaching practice that helps students develop their communicative competence in an authentic context is considered an acceptable and beneficial form of instruction.

Viorica & Angela (2012: 95) The concept of communication is the process by which people assign and convey meaning in an attempt to create shared understanding. It is through communication that collaboration and cooperation occur. Communication is the articulation  of  sending  a  message,  through  different  media  whether  it  be verbal or nonverbal, so long as a being transmits a thought, provoking idea, gesture  or  action.  Considered  several  types  of  communication:  verbal  (by means of language, dialogue) and non-verbal communication.


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