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STRATEGIES USED BY THE TEACHER IN TEACHING SPEAKING SKILL

 

STRATEGIES USED BY THE TEACHER IN TEACHING SPEAKING SKILL

CHAPTER III

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

A.  Research Design 

The research design in this study is descriptive qualitative research. Creswell  (1994:  171)  stated  that  descriptive  method  is  collecting  the qualitative  data,  analyzing  data,  and  writing  result.  Based  on  definition above,  descriptive  method  is  a  method  to  collect  and  analyze  data,  and draw conclusion of analyzed data.

Bogdan & Taylor (1990) qualitative research is procedure research that produces descriptive data of written words or utterances from people and  actions  that  can  be  observed  holistically.  Therefore,  the  research  is done  by  using  leather  method  to  get  the  data  scientifically  or comprehensively  and  comprehensively  according  to  the  background  and the data obtained there is no engineering element therein.  Greswell (1995) according research that is guided by the qualitative paradigm is defined as: 

“An inquiry process of understanding a social or human problem based  on  building  a  complex,  holistic  picture,  formed  with  words, reporting detailed views of informants, and conducted in a natural setting”. 

In  this  case  reinforced  by  Denzin  &  Lincoln  (1998)  qualitative research is more shown to achieve a detailed understanding of a particular organization or event, rather than describing the surface portion of a large sample  of  a  population.  This  study  also  aims  to  explain  the  explicit meaning of structure, order, and broad patterns that exist within a group of participants.  Qualitative  research  is  called  ethno-methodology  or  field research. This study produces human background data on the background. Qualitative  research  does  not  use  behavior,  or  manipulate  variables. This research  is  flexible  so  that  it  can  be  adjusted  with  the  actual  situation. Concepts,  data  collection  tools,  and  data  collection  methods  can  be????

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