THE USE OF SHOW AND TELL (S&T) METHOD IN TEACHING VOCABULARY OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL (SMP)

 

THE USE OF SHOW AND TELL (S&T) METHOD IN TEACHING VOCABULARY OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL (SMP)

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

A. Background

English was as an international language used as a tool for communication in daily life and in academic activities. In Indonesia, English as a foreign language was  formally  taught  in  schools  from  junior  high  school  until  university.  It  had become an obligatory subject and as one of the subjects examined in the National Examination.  Furthermore,  there  were  so  many  elements  in  English  such  as vocabulary. Vocabulary was a smallest element in English that had to be mastered by students because without vocabulary we could not understand each other’s and we could not express our opinion, feeling and ideas. On the other hand, teaching vocabulary was very hard, because the teachers had to choose an appropriate ways in  order  to  make  the  learning  process  effectively.  So,  the  students  enjoyed  and relaxed  learning  vocabulary  and  they  could  master  it.  There  were  many  factors that made the students difficult in mastering vocabulary. Allen (1999) stated that lack of interest, self confidence, motivation, teacher and environment are factors that hamper students to master English vocabulary.

Based  on  the  pre-observing  that  was  done  in  SMP, the researcher found 3 problems; 1) The students  could  not  understand  the  meaning  and  did  not  know  how  to  write  the word, because the students were very lazy to memorize the meaning of the words, the students just saw the words on dictionary without memorizing their meaning and  without  giving  attention  about  the  written  form.  2)  The  students  could  not pronounce  the  words  well,  because  the  students  just  read  the  words  based  on its writing, they did not observe the way to pronounce the words. 3) The teacher still used  a  traditional  method  in  teaching  English,  in  this  problems  the  teachers  just gave  list  vocabulary  to  students  and  asked  them  to  memorize  the  vocabulary, which made the students did not interest and feel bored in learning process.

By those conditions, the researcher assumed that the teaching of English must  be  really  improved  with  some  practical and  easy  ways.  The  teacher  had to choose an appropriate method in teaching vocabulary, because it was not easy to teach  English  especially  vocabulary  without  using  suitable  method.  Teaching vocabulary  was  like  teaching  other  social  science,  which  needed  suitable techniques  or  methods  in  order  to  get  the  successful  learning.  One  of  the  good techniques or methods was Show and Tell (S&T) method. The method used by the teacher could influence the success or failure in language learning.

Gordon, M & Harel, D (2000) stated that Show and Tell (S&T) is the new method combines natural language parsing methods with user interaction and uses these to create an intelligent user interface. Show and Tell (S&T) method is a good and  new  method  for  helping  the  teaching  and  learning  process,  it  can  improve students’ intelligence in vocabulary by translating the???BACA SELENGKAPNYA

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