IMPROVING THE STUDENTS SPEAKING ABILITY THROUGH SELF TALK STRATEGY (STS)


IMPROVING THE STUDENTS SPEAKING ABILITY THROUGH SELF TALK STRATEGY (STS)

A.    BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
English as a foreign language has four skills that we must be learnt. Those are Speaking, Listening, Writing, and Reading. These fourbasic skills of language can not be separated. Even though, it seems separated but they are truly related each other. Speaking is one of the four skills that very important to be taught to the students because it will help them to use their English in communication and interaction with other people. There are two main components in speaking namely speaker and listener. The function of speaker gives information and the listener receive the information from the speaker. The speaker and listener have to cooperate each other to avoid misscommunication that happened to them.
According to Aguilera (2012: 1) Speaking  is  a  productive  skill,  like  writing. It involves using speech to express other meanings to other people.  Interaction is two-way communication that involves using language and body language to keep our listener involved in what we are saying and to check that they understand our meaning. Examples of these interactive strategies are: making eye contact, using facial expressions, asking check expressions, clarifying your meaning, confirming understanding
The English teacher has to be creative to design many communicative activities in the classroom in teaching speaking. This case can motivate student to the language actively and productively. The teachers are expected to make the effective learning and use appropriate technique that can urge students to speak English fluently by giving adequate opportunities.

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