ENGAGING THE STUDENTS’ SPEAKING ABILITY THROUGH PROBLEM SOLVING


ENGAGING THE STUDENTS’ SPEAKING ABILITY THROUGH PROBLEM SOLVING TECHNIQUE
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
A.  Background of the Problem
There are four skills that must be mastered in teaching learning English, there are listening, writing, reading, and speaking. The most important one of them is speaking. Teaching English speaking is the process of giving the English lesson, from the teacher to the students based on the material from the syllabus of the certain school, in order that the students are able to absorb it and they will be able to communicate by using English orally. All those skills are support by some components such as vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation, fluency, and comprehension.
Based on Alonso (2013: 147) in the field of teaching second languages, speaking is a demanding skill, with phenomena such as vowel reduction and elision making the production of good spoken language difficult. The elements such as slang and idioms render speaking a difficult skill to acquire, not to mention stress, rhythm and intonation. In further difficulty the teacher may explain a rule in the L2, the learners will often not actually put it into practice to any great extent
According to the information from the English teachers in students of SMA Negeri, the problems are such as the new curriculum, it makes an old teacher difficult to follow it. In addition, the students also want to show to the other student in the school or members of their family that they can speak some English. For this reason, teacher must use creative teaching methods that support students to take part actively in the class. The teaching learning processes have to involve not only teacher and students, but also the students and students.
To help the students solve those problems, the teacher shall motivate them and create the most effective way to stimulate them, so they will interest in practicing their speaking. On other hand, the teacher shall use certain technique to stimulate students to practice their speaking, because good strategy will support them in achieving skill including English skill. Teacher have to teach the material by using good method, good technique and organize teaching-learning process as good as possible, so teaching-learning process can run well.

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