Teaching of Speaking

Teaching of Speaking
Speaking  is  a  crucial  part  of  second  language  learning  and  teaching. Despite  its  importance,  for  many  years,  teaching  speaking  has  been undervalued and English language teachers have continued to teach speaking just  as  a  repetition  of  drills  or  memorization  of  dialogues.  However,  today's world  requires  that  the  goal  of  teaching  speaking  should  improve  students' communicative  skills,  because,  only  in  that  way,  students  can  express themselves and learn how to follow the social and cultural rules appropriate in each communicative circumstance.
What  is  meant  by  teaching  speaking  is  to  teach  English  language learners to:
a.       Produce the English speech sounds and sounds patterns.
b.      Use  words  and  sentence  stress,  intonation  patterns  and  the  rhythm  of the second language
c.       Select appropriate words and sentences according to the proper social setting, audience, situation and subject matter.
d.      Organize their thoughts in a meaningful and logical sequence.
e.       Use language as a means of expressing values and judgments.
f.       Use  the  language  quickly  and  confidently  with  few  unnatural  pauses, which is called fluency

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