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COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING METHOD (CLT) IN LISTENING



COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING METHOD (CLT) IN LISTENING
            Wilikins (1972) claimed that a functional and communicative definition of language could actually help develop communicative syllabi for language teaching, while Firth (1950) suggested that a broader sociocultural context, which included participants, their behaviour and beliefs, objects of linguistic discussion and a word choice, should also be taken into consideration while teaching any language. Other theorists (Canale and Swain 1980; Widdowson 1989; Halliday 1970) also stressed the importance of communicative approach to language teaching, particularly the communicative acts underlying the ability to use language for different purposes and the relationship between linguistic systems and their communicative values in texts and discourses. 
COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING METHOD (CLT) IN LISTENING
A theory of language as communication lies at the very core of the CLT. Hymes (1972) advanced the notions of "competence" and "performance" introduced by Chomsky in the 1960s and stated that the goal of language teaching was to develop "communi-cative competence", which implied acquiring both an ability and knowledge to use lan-guage. In other words, communicative competence considers language as a tool used for communication. Not only does this competence aim to focus on the development of four language skills, but it also depends on the correlation between the skills. Canale and Swain (1980) claimed that it was common to use the term "communicative competence" to refer exclusively to grammatical competence. Yet, it is worth observing that the phrase "communicative competence" was also used to relate to the psychological, cultural and social rules which discipline the use of speech (Hedge 2000). Therefore, the communicative approach, which challenged the prevalent audio-lingual method, promoted the idea that social and cultural knowledge were necessary prerequisites for understanding and using linguistic forms
Furthermore, communicative language teaching Approach represents the use of counseling-learning theory to teach languages.

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