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AN ANALYSIS OF GRAMMATICAL ERROR IN WRITING NARRATIVE TEXT



CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION

This chapter deals with background of the research, statement problem, objective, significance of the research, scope of the research and key terms.
A.     Background of the study
There are four basic abilities that are learned in studying English, they are listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Writing is one of the skills that must be learned by the students. In writing, the learners must apply five general components of the writing process; they are content, form, grammar, style and mechanic. The writer thought that the composition was important for the learners to develop their imagination in written English.
Generally, people tend to believe that the reception of second language is as easy as the reception of first language. Therefore, the teaching of the second language tends to give their point on the way the first language taught. One of the most popular ways in teaching language in first language is  through  grammar.  This  then  becomes  familiar  method  in  teaching  English  and  for some people is regarded as the traditional method. However the question whether the teaching of English  grammar  gives  significant  influence  to  the  learners  competence  is  still  in  controversy.
Some researches on this case have proven that the grammar has positive influence to the learners’ skill while other researchers found that grammar has negative influence to learners’ skill. Skill in terms of linguistic or language competence is divided into receptive skills and productive skills. In this study the researcher will focus only on the correlation between learners’ working knowledge of English grammar and their receptive skills.
Ranjbar (2012: 2) Knowing  words  is  the key  to  understanding as  well  as  being  understood,  and  the  bulk  of  learning  a new  language consists of learning new words. Since we are faced with lots of new vocabulary items in our reading and listening, one helpful technique is to guess the meaning of unknown words. In many cases this attempt fails because of the lack of our knowledge regarding the grammatical structure of the sentences.
Lado in Mazur (2014: 45) The student who comes in contact with a foreign language will always find some features of it quite easy and others extremely difficult. Those elements that are similar to his native language will be simple for him, and those elements that are different will be difficult. The elements that are similar to his native language will be simple for the students while those elements that are different will be difficult. Based on the statements above, the students frequently got some difficulties. In other world, the students sometimes made grammatical errors; in this case, they were very likely to make errors probably because of the language habit in their mother tongue that was sometimes slightly or absolutely different from English.
Wilcox, Yagelski & Fang Yu (2013: 5) Grammar signifies more than just a person’s ability to remember high school English. I’ve found that people who make fewer mistakes on a grammar test also make fewer mistakes when they are doing something completely unrelated to writing. The elements that are similar to his native language will be simple for the students while those elements that are different will be difficult. Based on the statement above, the students frequently got some difficulties. In other world, the students sometimes made grammatical errors; in this case, they were very likely to make errors probably because of the language habit in their mother tongue that was sometimes slightly or absolutely different from English.
In writing process, the students must have an idea about what they will write and far they know the topic, find the appropriate words to express an idea. One simple way of making writing more meaningful to students is to make students write something elaborate the experience they have. Every experience has the seeds for the potential flowering of significance ideas. If we talk about experience, it means we talk about expressive writing. If we talk about expressive writing, we must talk about narrative story.
Narrative itself is a story taking by presenting sequence event in chronologically order. Writing narrative can make the students be more interested and easy to write since narrative text tells us about interesting story and experiences that can make the students enjoy to write and feel the story. So, it will be quite easy for them to producing the simple text.
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