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IMPROVING STUDENTS’ WRITING SKILL USING A FOUR-PHASE TECHNIQUE


IMPROVING STUDENTS’ WRITING SKILL USING A FOUR-PHASE TECHNIQUE

CHAPTER I

A.    BACKGROUND
Writing  skill  is  specific  abilities  which  help  writers  put  their  thoughts  into words in a meaningful form and mentally interact with the message. Writing skill helps the learner gain independence, comprehensibility, fluency, and creativity in writing. If learners have mastered this skill, they will be able to write so that they can not only read what they have written, but other speakers of that language can read and understand it.  Here  are some kinds of  writing skill that the students are expected to master: comprehensibility skill for writing includes understanding that writing  is  communicating  messages  or  information.  Fluency  skill  for  writing includes  recognizing  the  linear  sequence  of  sounds,  mastering  writing  motions and  letter  shapes,  recognizing  the  chunking  of  words,  recognizing  the  need  for space between words, and writing quickly. Creativity skill for writing includes the ability  to  write  freely  anything  the  learner  wants  to  write.  Independence  is  the ability  to  function  in  a  given  area  without  depending  upon  another's  help. Independence in reading and writing is the ability to read and write anything one can  say  or  understand  in  his  or  her  language  without  depending  upon  another's help.  Comprehension  is  the  ability  to  grasp  something  mentally  and  the  capacity to understand ideas and facts. Fluency is the ability to read, speak, or write easily, smoothly, and expressively. 
According  to  Harris  (1993:  10),  writing  is  a  process  that  occurs  over  a period  of  time,  particularly  if  the  writer  takes  account  the  sometimes  extended periods of thinking that precede initial draft. In writing, the writer needs a?????????????
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