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A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN INFORMATION GAP TASK IN PAIR AND SMALL GROUP WORK OF STUDENTS’ SPEAKING ABILITY

A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN INFORMATION GAP TASK IN PAIR AND SMALL GROUP WORK OF STUDENTS’ SPEAKING ABILITY
INTRODUCTION
According  Widowson  (1994),  speaking  is  the  active  production  skill  and  use  of oral  production.  Rivers  (1981:  161)  explains  that  students  study  a  foreign language  in  high  school  with  strong  conviction  that  language  means  something spoken.  The  students  are  often  discouraged  and  lose  interest  when  they  find  that foreign language study is just like other subjects, learning the book only  without any practice. That some problem that faced by students in school. Referring to the description  above,  information  gap  technique  was  an  appropriate  to  solve  the problem and increase the students’ speaking ability. Information gap is one of the tasks  that  may  encourage  the  students  more  actively  to  speak  English  because  it provides  more  opportunity  for  students  to  talk  in  order  to  complete  their information.  Theoretically,  Pica  and  Doughty  (1986)  state  that  information  gap tasks  cope  the  students  to  talk  more  with  a  number  of  communication  strategies used.  Information  gap  is  the  activity  in  which  the  students  are  given  different information.  By  sharing  the  separate  information  they  can  complete  a  task.  The researcher  tried  to  find  out  the  better  patternfor  information  gap  in  order  to encourage  students  to  talk.Meanwhile,  the  context  material  of  the  teaching learning was understanding and using transactional dialogue in short conversation. The  topics  had  chosen  arekitchen  and  crossword.  Brown  (1994:  103)  states  that?????????????????????????????

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